Vietnamese Culture

Vietnamese in Australia

The Vietnamese were one of the first Asian populations allowed Australian permanent residence in mass after the abolition of the White Australia policy. Thus, they are one of the most well-established migrant populations in Australia. Many Vietnamese arrived as refugees after the American War in the 1970s and 1980s. Other migrants have been Vietnamese women who married Australian troops during their posting in Vietnam, or orphans of the war who were adopted by Australian families. More recently, Vietnamese have tended to immigrate for better economic and educational opportunities. Many arrive as skilled migrants or under the family stream of the Migration Programme. Minorities who were at particular risk of state harassment for religious or political beliefs have also sought sanctuary in Australia; however, this has been a less successful avenue of arrival.

It is worth noting that many of the Vietnamese who have immigrated to Australia have come from Southern Vietnam. Thus, their ideologies tend to be more liberal and individualistic (see information under ‘Political Difficulties’). They may hold negative opinions of the Vietnamese Communist Party and State and have personal familiarities with the atrocities of the American War.
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  • Population
    [July 2016 est.]
  • Languages
    Tiếng Việt (official)
    Mon-Khmer and Malayo-Polynesian
  • Religions
    No Religion or Traditional Folk Religions (81.8%)
    Buddhism (7.9%)
    Christianity (7.4%)
    Hoahaoism (1.6%)
    Caodaism (0.9%)
    Other (0.2%)
    [2009 census]
    Note: The United Nations and polling organisations believe these statistics from the 2009 Vietnamese census do not accurately reflect the spiritual landscape of Vietnam.
  • Ethnicities
    Kinh [Viet] (85.7%)
    Tay (1.9%)
    Thai (1.8%)
    Muong (1.5%)
    Khmer (1.5%)
    Mong (1.2%)
    Nung (1.1%)
    Hoa (1.0%)
    Other (4.3%)
    [2009 census]
    Note: 54 ethnic groups are recognised by the Vietnamese Government.
  • Cultural Dimensions
  • Australians with Vietnamese Ancestry
    294,798 [2016 census]
Vietnamese in Australia
  • Population
    [2016 census]
    This figure refers to the number of Australian residents that were born in Vietnam.
  • Average Age
  • Gender
    Male (45.8%)
    Female (54.2%)
  • Religion
    Buddhism (56.2%)
    Catholic Christianity (21.6%)
    No Religion (14.6%)
    Other (4.7%)
    Not stated (3.0%)
  • Ancestry
    Vietnamese (69.6%)
    Chinese (21.8%)
    English (1.7%)
    Other (2.2%)
    Not stated (4.5%)
  • Language Spoken at Home
    Vietnamese (80.2%)
    Cantonese (13.3%)
    English (3.2%)
    Other (2.3%)
    Not stated (0.9%)
    Of those who speak a language other than English at home, 56.5% speak English fluently.
  • Diaspora
    New South Wales (38.8%)
    Victoria (36.9%)
    Queensland (8.8%)
    Western Australia (6.9%)
  • Arrival
    Prior to 2001 (74.5%)
    2001-2006 (8%)
    2007-2011 (11.9%)
Country Flag Country Vietnam