Vietnamese in Australia
The Vietnamese were one of the first Asian populations allowed Australian permanent residence in mass after the abolition of the . Thus, they are one of the most well-established migrant populations in Australia. Many Vietnamese arrived as refugees after the American War in the 1970s and 1980s. Other migrants have been Vietnamese women who married Australian troops during their posting in Vietnam, or orphans of the war who were adopted by Australian families. More recently, Vietnamese have tended to immigrate for better economic and educational opportunities. Many arrive as skilled migrants or under the family stream of the Migration Programme. Minorities who were at particular risk of state harassment for religious or political beliefs have also sought sanctuary in Australia; however, this has been a less successful avenue of arrival.
It is worth noting that many of the Vietnamese who have immigrated to Australia have come from Southern Vietnam. Thus, their ideologies tend to be more liberal and (see information under ‘Political Difficulties’). They may hold negative opinions of the Vietnamese Communist Party and State and have personal familiarities with the atrocities of the American War.
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