Vietnamese Culture

Population Statistics

Vietnam

Population

95,261,021

[2016 est.]

Language

Vietnamese/Tiếng Việt (official)

English

French

Mandarin

Cantonese

Khmer

Mon-Khmer and Malayo-Polynesian

Religion

No Religion or Traditional Folk Religions 81.8%
Buddhism 7.9%
Christianity 7.4%
Hoahaoism 1.6%
Caodaism 0.9%
Other 0.2%

The United Nations and polling organisations believe these statistics from the 2009 Vietnamese Census do not accurately reflect the spiritual landscape of Vietnam.

[2009 Census]

Ethnicity

Kinh (Viet) 85.7%
Tay 1.9%
Thai 1.8%
Muong 1.5%
Khmer 1.5%
Mong 1.2%
Nung 1.1%
Hoa 1.0%
Other 4.3%

The Vietnamese Government recognises 54 different groups.

[2009 Census]

Cultural Dimensions

70

20

40

30

57

35

Australians with Vietnamese Ancestry

334,785

[2021 Census, ABS]

Vietnamese in Australia

Population

257,997

This figure refers to the number of Australian residents that were born in Vietnam.

[2021 Census, ABS]

Median Age

45 

[2016 Census, ABS]

Gender

Male 43.6%
Female 56.4%

[2021 Census, ABS]

Religion

Buddhism 44.7%
No Religion 29.2%
Catholic 19.8%
Other Christianity 3.1%
Other Religion 0.7%
Not Stated 2.5%

[2021 Census, ABS]

Ancestry

Vietnamese 75.2%
Chinese 19.8%
Australian 2.6%
English 2.5%
Khmer (Cambodian) 0.4%

These are the top ancestry responses of Australian residents born in Vietnam. Respondents were able to provide up to two answers.

[2021 Census, ABS]

Language Spoken at Home

Vietnamese 83.2%
Cantonese 8.6%
English 5.2%
Mandarin 0.8%
Other Language 1.4%

Of those who speak a language other than English at home, 58.7% speak English fluently.

[2021 Census, ABS]

Diaspora

New South Wales 38.0%
Victoria 36.3%
Queensland 9.5%
Western Australia 7.0%
Other 9.2%

[2021 Census, ABS]

Arrival

Prior to 1991 42.5%
1991 - 2000 16.5%
2001 - 2010 15.0%
2011 - 2015 11.8%
2016 - 2021 14.3%

[2021 Census, ABS]

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