Tongan Culture

Population Statistics

Tonga

Population

106,095

[2020 est.]

Language

Tongan [official] 96.1%
English [official] 88.1%
Other 12.3%

The majority of the population speak both Tongan and English. Some people may also speak a third language as well.

[2016 est.]

Religion

Protestant Christianity 64.1%
– Free Wesleyan Church 35%
– Free Church of Tonga 11.9%
– Church of Tonga 6.8%
– Assembly of God 2.3%
– Seventh Day Adventist 2.2%
– Tokaikolo Christian Church 1.6%
– Other Protestant Denomination 4.3%
The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints/Mormonism 18.6%
Roman Catholic Christianity 14.2%
Other 2.4%
None 0.05%

[2016 est.]

Ethnicity

Tongan 97%
Part-Tongan 0.8%
Other, including European and other Pacific Islander 2.2%

[2016 est.]

Australians with Tongan Ancestry

32,691
[Census, 2016]

Tongans in Australia

Population

9,963

[Census, 2016]

This figure refers to the number of Australian residents that were born in Tonga.

Median Age

47

[Census, 2016]

Gender

Male 52.1%
Female 47.9%

[Census, 2016]

Religion

Uniting Church Christianity 26.5%
Catholic Christianity 23.1%
Latter-day Saints Christianity 11.7%
Other Protestant Christianity 10.2%
Other Religion 19.6%
No Religion 3.7%
Not Stated 3.9%

[Census, 2016]

Ancestry

Tongan 76.1%
English 5.4%
Oceanian [undefined] 3.0%
Australian 2.8%
Other Ancestry 12.7%

[Census, 2016]

Language Spoken at Home

Tongan 82.3%
English 15.3%
Other Languages 0.9%

Of those who speak a language other than English at home, 86.1% speak English fluently.

[Census, 2016]

Diaspora

New South Wales 56.6%
Queensland 17.2%
Victoria 17.0%
Western Australia 2.7%
Other 6.5%

[Census, 2016]

Arrival to Australia

Prior to 2007 68.8%
2007 - 2011 13.2%
2012 - 2016 11.1%

[Census, 2016]

Want this profile as a PDF?

Get a downloadable, printable version that you can read later.

BUY NOW

Create your own Cultural Atlas with bookmarks, collections and a unified, searchable interface

Sign up for free