Thai Culture


  • The first name is followed by a surname (e.g. Somchai THEERAVIT). Thai surnames are often long (e.g. SONJOHNKOKSOONG).
  • As Thai surnames are often lengthy, it is common to refer to people by their first names, preceded by ‘khun’, which is a non-gender-specific title equivalent to ‘Mister’ or ‘Miss’.
  • A woman typically adopts her husband’s family name upon marrying.
  • In addition to formal given names, almost all Thai people have a nickname. These nicknames are given to children when they are very young. Sometimes, they are based on the appearance of the baby, which occasionally results in unflattering nicknames. The creation of a nickname is personal in Thailand, and nicknames should only be used when invited to do so by the person.
  • Thai people may choose to use their nickname or a Western name in place of their Thai first name to deal with the fact that those unfamiliar with the Thai language may have a difficult time pronouncing the name.
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  • Population
    [July 2016 est.]
  • Languages
    Thai [official] (90.7%)
    Burmese (1.3%)
    Other (8%)
    [2010 est.]
  • Religions
    Buddhism (94.6%)
    Islam (4.3%)
    Christianity (1%)
    Other (0.2%)
    [2015 est.]
  • Ethnicities
    Thai (97.5%)
    Burmese (1.3%)
    Other (1.1%)
    [2015 est.]
  • Cultural Dimensions
  • Australians with Thai Ancestry
    70,235 [2016 census]
Thai in Australia
  • Population
    [2016 census]
    This figure refers to the number of Australian residents that were born in Thailand.
  • Average Age
  • Gender
    Male (32.7%)
    Female (67.3%)
  • Religion
    Buddhism (73.6%)
    Catholic Christianity (4.2%)
    Baptist Christianity (4.7%)
    Other (10.6%)
    No Religion (6.9%)
  • Ancestry
    Thai (67.0%)
    Chinese (8.2%)
    Karen (4.1%)
    Other (16.9%)
  • Language Spoken at Home
    Thai (65.5%)
    English (8.3%)
    Karen (5.2%)
    Other (7.6%)
    Of those who speak a language other than English at home, 77.6% speak English fluently.
  • Diaspora
    New South Wales (38.6%)
    Victoria (23.7%)
    Queensland (15.4%)
    Western Australia (12.5%)
  • Arrival to Australia
    Prior to 2001 (38.3%)
    2001-2006 (23.1%)
    2007-2011 (32.8%)
Country Flag Country Thailand