Syrian Culture

Dates of Significance

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National Holidays and Observances

  • New Year’s Day (1st of January)
  • Revolution Day (8th of March)
  • Mother’s Day (21st of March)
  • Independence Day (17th of April)
  • Labour Day (1st of May)
  • Martyrs’ Day (6th of May)
  • Armed Forces Day (6th of October)
  • October Liberatory War (6th of October)


Muslim Holidays

Islamic dates of significance are based on the Islamic lunar calendar, and therefore the actual dates vary from year to year.

  • Ramadan: the ninth month of the Islamic lunar calendar. This is the month that Muhammad first received revelation from God. Muslims fast for 29-30 days to recognise this event.
  • Eid-ul-Fitr: the end of Ramadan.
  • Eid-ul-Adha: the twelfth month of the Islamic lunar calendar signifying completion of the Haj and Abraham’s sacrifice of a sheep.
  • Muharram: Islamic New Year occurs on the first day of the first month in the lunar Islamic calendar, known as Muharram.
  • Mawlid: The Prophet Muhammad’s birthday is celebrated on the 12th day of the Islamic month of Rabi’al-awwal for Sunni Muslims, while Shi’a Muslims mark it on the 17th of the same month.


Christian Holidays

Dates may vary for Orthodox Christians.

  • Good Friday (Varies each year)
  • Easter Sunday (Varies each year)
  • Christmas (25th of December)
Syrian Arab Republic
  • Population
    17,185,170
    [July 2016 est.]
  • Languages
    Arabic (official)
    Kurdish
    Armenian
    Aramaic
    Circassian
    French
    English
  • Religions
    Sunni Islam (74%)
    Shi'a Islam (13%)
    Christianity (10%)
    Druze (3%)
    Judaism (>1%)
  • Ethnicities
    Arab (90.3%)
    Kurdish, Armenian, Assyrian and other (9.7%)
  • Cultural Dimensions
    Power Distance 80
    Individualism 35
    Masculinity 52
    Uncertainty Avoidance 60
    Long Term Orientation 30
    Indulgence N.A.
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  • Australians with Syrian Ancestry
    19,963 [2016 census]
Syrians in Australia
  • Population
    15,321
    [2016 census]
    This figure refers to the number of Australian residents that were born in Syria.
  • Average Age
    45
  • Gender
    Male (48.2%)
    Female (51.8%)
  • Religion
    Islam (35.2%)
    Catholic Christianity (18.3%)
    Eastern Orthodox Christianity (13.9%)
    Oriental Orthodox Christianity (10.5)
    No Religion (3.1%)
    Other (22.2%)
  • Ancestry
    Syrian (48.2%)
    Armenian (9.8%)
    Assyrian (9.8%)
    Arab (9.7%)
    Other (22.5%)
  • Language Spoken at Home
    Arabic (71%)
    Assyrian Neo-Aramaic (10.7%)
    Armenian (8.5%)
    English (5.5%)
    Other (4.3%)
    Of those who speak a language other than English at home, 72.9% speak English fluently.
  • Diaspora
    New South Wales (61.4%)
    Victoria (27%)
    Queensland (3.8%)
    Western Australia (3.4%)
  • Arrival to Australia
    Prior to 2001 (70.1%)
    2001-2006 (13%)
    2007-2011 (12.2%)
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