Sri Lankan Culture

Dates of Significance


National Dates of Significance

  • Tamil Thai Pongal Day (15th of January)
  • National Day/Independence Day (4th of February)
  • Sinhala and Tamil New Year’s Eve (13th of April)
  • Sinhala and Tamil New Year Day (14th of April)
  • May Day (1st of May)

Buddhist Festival Dates

The exact date of these events vary every year according to the day of the full moon in the lunar calendar.

  • Duruthu Full Moon Poya Day (January)
  • Navam Full Moon Poya Day (February)
  • Madin Full Moon Poya Day (March)
  • Bak Full Moon Poya Day (April)
  • Vesak Full Moon Poya Day (May)
  • Poson Full Moon Poya Day (June)
  • Esala Full Moon Poya Day (July)
  • Esala Perahera (‘the Festival of the Tooth’) (July/August)
  • Nikini Full Moon Poya Day (August)
  • Binara Full Moon Poya Day (September)
  • Vap Full Moon Poya Day (October)
  • Ill Full Moon Poya Day (November)
  • Unduvap Full Moon Poya Day (December)

Events dedicated to the religions of Christianity, Islam and Hinduism are also observed.

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Sri Lanka
  • Population
    22.235 million
    [July 2016 est.]
  • Languages
    Sinhala (official) (74%)
    Tamil (official) (18%)
    Other (8%)
    Note: English, spoken competently by about 10% of the population, is commonly used in government and is referred to as the link language in the constitution.
    [2012 census]
  • Religions
    Buddhism (70.2%)
    Hinduism (12.6%)
    Islam (9.7%)
    Catholic Christianity (6.1%)
    Other (1.8%)
    [2012 census]
  • Ethnicities
    Sinhalese (74.9%)
    Sri Lankan Tamil (11.2%)
    Sri Lankan Moors (9.2%)
    Indian Tamil (4.2%)
    Other (0.5%)
    [2012 census]
  • Cultural Dimensions
    Power Distance 80
    Individualism 35
    Masculinity 10
    Uncertainty Avoidance 45
    Long Term Orientation 45
    Indugence -
    What's this?
  • Australians with Sri Lankan Ancestry
    Including Sinhalese, Sri Lankan Tamil and Sri Lankan (ndf)
    [2016 census]
Sri Lankans in Australia
  • Population
    [2016 census]
    This figure refers to the number of Australian residents that were born in Sri Lanka.
  • Average Age
  • Gender
    Male (51.1%)
    Female (48.9%)
  • Religion
    Buddhism (38.1%)
    Catholic Christianity (23.4%)
    Hinduism (17.8%)
    Anglican Christianity (5.7%)
    Other (2.7%)
  • Ancestry
    Sri Lankan (50.9%)
    Sinhalese (18.4%)
    Tamil (9%)
    English (4.3%)
    Other (17.4%)
  • Language Spoken at Home
    Sinhalese (47.4%)
    English (26.7%)
    Tamil (23%)
    Other (1.7%)
    Of those who speak a language other than English at home, 91.9% speak English fluently.
  • Diaspora
    Victoria (50.9%)
    New South Wales (27.4%)
    Queensland (8.9%)
    Western Australia (6.2%)
  • Arrival
    Prior to 2001 (53.5%)
    2001-2006 (17.3.%)
    2007-2011 (25.8%)
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