Spanish Culture


The primary author of this profile was Nina Evason (2018).


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  • Antonia, M. A. (2005). Reconciliation of work, and family life for women in Spain. Retrieved from
  • Baker, R. (2013). Spaniards flock to Australia to escape economic woes. Retrieved from 
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  • BBC. (2018). Catalonia’s bid for independence from Spain explained. Retrieved from 
  • BBC. (2014). Languages across Europe. Retrieved from 
  • BBC. (2013). Spain unemployment hits record high. Retrieved from 
  • Benny, M. (2007). Guide to Etiquette in Spain. Retrieved from 
  • Bureau of , Human Rights, and Labor. (2015). Spain 2015 International Religious Freedom Report. Washington: U.S. Department of State. Retrieved from 
  • Central Intelligence Agency. (2018). The World Factbook - Spain. Retrieved from 
  • Carr, R., Gines, J. V., Harrison, R. J., Koenigsberger, H. G., O’Callaghan, J. F., Richardson, J. S. & Viguera, M. J. (2018). Spain. Retrieved from
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  • Commisceo Global Consultancy. (2017). Spain Guide. Retrieved from
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  • Culture Crossing Guide. (2017). Spain. Retrieved from 
  • Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade. (2018). Spain country brief. Retrieved from
  • Department of Home Affairs. (2019). Spain-born: Community Information Summary. Retrieved from
  • European Commission Eurobarometer. (2006). Europeans and their Languages: Special Eurobarometer 243. Retrieved from 
  • Eurostat. (2018). Unemployment statistics. Retrieved from 
  • Fitjar, R. D. (2009). The Rise of Regionalism: Causes of Regional Mobilisation in Western Europe. London: Routledge.
  • Fodors Travel. (2011). Customs and Etiquette in Spain: 15 Things Every Visitor Should Know. Retrieved from 
  • Geert Hofstede. (2018). Spain. Retrieved from
  • Global Affairs Canada. (2015). Culture – Spain. Retrieved from
  • Government of Catalonia, Directorate General for Language Policy. (2013). Language Use of the Population of Catalonia Key results of the Survey on Language Use of the Population 2013. Retrieved from 
  • Jones, J. (2017). It’s time to put the tired Spanish siesta stereotype to bed. Retrieved from
  • Jones, J. (2015). Rajoy more hated than Franco among youth. Retrieved from 
  • Just Landed. (2018). Social Customs in Spain. Retrieved from
  • Mangen, S. (2001). Spanish Society After Franco: Regime Transition and the Welfare State. New York: Palgrave. 
  • Jose Mateo, J. (2017). It’s the politicians, stupid. Retrieved from 
  • Kelley, P. (2017). Spaniards’ lack of sleep isn’t a cultural thing - they’re in the wrong time zone. Retrieved from 
  • Meaney, M. & Viguer, B. A. (2016). Spain – Culture Smart!: The Essential Guide to Customs and Culture. Malaysia: Bravo Limited.
  • Minority Rights Group International. (2018). Spain – Gypsies. Retrieved from 
  • Museum of Victoria Australia. (2013). History of immigration from Spain. Retrieved from
  • Pariona, A. (2017). Religion in Spain. Retrieved from 
  • Passport to Trade. (2014). Meeting Etiquette. Retrieved from
  • ProQuest. (2017). Culture Grams: Spain. Michigan: ProQuest.
  • Rainsford, S. (2010). Catholic Church in Spain fights Franco-era image. Retrieved from
  • Rough Guides. (2018). Culture and Etiquette. Retrieved from
  • Schrade, A. O. (1972). Children’s Responses Toward Spanish Cultures through the Integration of Fles, Language Arts and Social Studies [Doctoral Dissertation]. Retrieved from!etd.send_file?accession=osu1486739553813085&disposition=inline
  • Simple Logica. (2016). Índices de opinión pública. Retrieved from 
  • Spanish Centre for Sociological Research. (2018). Barometer Of January 2018. Retrieved from 
  • Spanish National Institute of Statistics. (2015). Marriages and births in Spain. Retrieved from 
  • Stanic, C. (2017). Nonverbal Communication Rules in Spanish Cultures. Retrieved from
  • Vox. (2017). Catalonia’s independence movement explained. Retrieved from 
  • Warburton, K. (2017). Business Culture in Spain. Retrieved from 
  • Zeffiro, N. (2016). The Direct Etiquette of Spain. Retrieved from

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