In the early 19th century, a small number of Samoans migrated to Australia due to perceived commercial and educational opportunities. In the 1850s, Wesleyan Christian missionaries from Australia began to visit Samoa. This led to Samoan pastors travelling to Australia for training and work. In the early 20th century, the White Australia Policy restricted immigration from Samoa. However, Australia was establishing trading companies in Samoa during this time. This resulted in a small number of Samoans migrating to Australia.
In the 1970s, educational programs sponsored by Australia increased the number of Samoans migrating. In contemporary Australia, the size of the Samoan community may be underestimated due to migration via New Zealand. A combination of Christian beliefs and Samoan traditions underpin community life of the Samoan community in Australia. Many continue to share Samoan music, dance and oral literature with others in the Samoan community as well as broader Australia.