Samoan Culture

Other Considerations

  • There are two Samoas: American Samoa and Independent Samoa. The former is considered to be U.S. territory while the latter, which is the primary focus of this cultural profile, gained independence from New Zealand in 1962. Despite the geopolitical separation, the Samoan people share a common language and culture.
  • In Samoa, there is a general widespread acceptance of transgender people. In particular, some may raise their boys as girls. Such people are known as fa’afafine (the third gender). This does not equate to the Western notion of gay, and those who identify as fa’afafine generally don’t refer to themselves as gay.
  • Note that prayer times in the evenings are common. This is when an entire village will observe a quiet time, dedicated to prayers. It is disrespectful to walk through a village during this time.
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  • Population
    [July 2016 est.]
  • Languages
    Samoan (official)
  • Religions
    Protestant Christianity (57.4%)
    Roman Catholic Christianity (19.4%)
    Mormonism (15.2%)
    Worship Centre (1.7%)
    Other Christianity (5.5%)
    Other Religion (0.7%)
    No Religion (0.1%)
    Unspecified (0.1%)
    [2011 est.]
  • Ethnicities
    Samoan (92.6%)
    Euronesians (persons with European and Polynesian heritage) (7.0%)
    Europeans (0.4%)
    [2001 census]
  • Australians with Samoan Ancestry
    75,755 [2016 census]
Samoans in Australia
  • Population
    [2016 census]
    This figure refers to the number of Australian residents that were born in Samoa.
  • Average Age
  • Gender
    Male (49.0%)
    Female (51.0%)
  • Religion
    Roman Catholic Christianity (23.0%)
    Church of the Latter-Day Saints (13.2%)
    Christian [nfd] (11.1%)
    Uniting Church Christianity (9.6%)
    Other (43.1%)
  • Ancestry
    Samoan (68.0%)
    English (6.8%)
    German (4.3%)
    Other (14.3%)
    Not Stated (6.5%)
  • Language Spoken at Home
    Samoan (84.4%)
    English (13.2%)
    Tokelauan (0.1%)
    Other (0.7%)
    Not Stated (1.6%)
    Of those who speak a language other than English at home, 85.7% speak English fluently.
  • Diaspora
    New South Wales (41.3%)
    Queensland (33.9%)
    Victoria (21.1%)
    Western Australia (1.9%)
  • Arrival to Australia
    Prior to 2001 (58.8%)
    2001-2006 (17.7%)
    2007-2011 (17.4%)
Country Flag Country Samoa