Christianity: Eastern Orthodox


Primary Author
Chara Scroope,

Eastern is one of three major branches of Christianity, which traces its origins to the prophet Abraham. The Eastern tradition resulted from a schism between itself and the Roman Catholic Church due to cultural, political and religious differences. Originally, the Eastern Church existed within the geographical ‘East’. Meanwhile, the term ‘’ (‘right belief’ – but also taken to mean ‘right practice’) was popularised as a descriptor of the church communities who saw themselves as preserving the true Christian faith in accordance with the seven ecumenical councils.

In contemporary times, the Eastern tradition is spread across the world. The tradition encompasses numerous self-governing yet united churches connected to parts of Europe, the Middle East, Asia and the United States. Although differing culturally and linguistically, the Eastern churches share the same canon law, doctrinal position, administration approach, liturgy and sacramental practices.

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