Portuguese Culture


The primary author of this profile was Chara Scroope (2018).


  • Advameg. (2016). Portugal. Countries and their Cultures. Retrieved from http://www.everyculture.com/No-Sa/Portugal.html
  • Australian Bureau of Statistics. (2017). Census 2016, Country of Birth of Person by Sex (SA2+) [Data set]. http://stat.data.abs.gov.au/Index.aspx?DataSetCode=ABS_C16_T06_SA
  • Australian Trade and Investment Commission. (2018). Doing Business - Portugal. Retrieved from https://www.austrade.gov.au/Australian/Export/Export-markets/Countries/Portugal/Doing-business
  • Culture Crossing Guide. (2014). Portugal. Retrieved from http://guide.culturecrossing.net/basics_business_student.php?id=166
  • Department of Home Affairs. (2019). Portugal-born: Community Information Summary. Retrieved from https://www.homeaffairs.gov.au/mca/files/2016-cis-portugal.PDF
  • eDiplomat. (2016). Portugal. Retrieved from http://www.ediplomat.com/np/cultural_etiquette/ce_pt.htm
  • Freedom House. (2014). Remembering Portugal’s Carnation Revolution. Retrieved from https://freedomhouse.org/blog/remembering-portugals-carnation-revolution
  • Global Affairs Canada. (2014). Cultural Information - Portugal. Retrieved from https://www.international.gc.ca/cil-cai/country_insights-apercus_pays/ci-ic_pt.aspx?lang=eng#cn-1
  • Heaney, B. (2014). Cultural Profile Resource: Portuguese. Retrieved from https://www.qualityaging.com.au/wp-content/uploads/2016/01/Cultural-Profile-Resource-Manual-Portugual-sample.pdf
  • Hofstede Insights. (2018). Portugal. Retrieved from https://www.hofstede-insights.com/country-comparison/portugal/
  • Kaplan, M., Livermore, H. V., Opello, W. C., Peres do Amaral, I. M., Shercliff, J., Smith, C. D., & Wheeler, D. L. (2018). Portugal. Retrieved from https://www.britannica.com/place/Portugal
  • Khalidi, S., McIlroy, F., & Neumayer, H. (2012). The Cultural Dictionary and Directory. Canberra: Migrant and Refugee Settlement Services of the ACT Inc.
  • Lewis, R. D. (2006). When Cultures Collide. Boston: Nicholas Brealey International.
  • Martins, P. (2012). humour: What do Portuguese people laugh at?. Folklore, 50, 86-99. Retrieved from https://www.folklore.ee/folklore/vol50/martins.pdf
  • Minority Rights Group International. (2018). World Directory of Minorities and Indigenous Peoples - Portugal. Retrieved from http://minorityrights.org/country/portugal/
  • Museum Victoria Australia. (n.d.). History of immigration from Portugal. Retrieved from https://museumsvictoria.com.au/origins/history.aspx?pid=48&cat=NONE&cid=0
  • ProQuest. (2017). Culture Gram: Portugal. Michigan: ProQuest.
  • Schulz Richard, K. (2017). The Portuguese Empire. Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/the-portuguese-empire-1435004
  • Solsten, E (ed.) (1993). Portugal: A Country Study. Washington: Library of Congress. Retrieved from http://countrystudies.us/portugal/
  • Transparency International. (2017). Corruption Perceptions Index 2016. Retrieved from http://www.transparency.org/news/feature/corruption_perceptions_index_2016
  • United Kingdom Government. (2006). A Guide to Names and Naming Practices. Retrieved from https://www.fbiic.gov/public/2008/nov/Naming_practice_guide_UK_2006.pdf.
  • Yellowstone Publishing. (2015). Portuguese Etiquette. Retrieved from https://www.etiquettescholar.com/dining_etiquette/table-etiquette/europe-m_table_manners/portuguese.html

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