Polish Culture


  • Greetings in Poland are usually courteous and reserved. People behave quite formally when meeting strangers for the first time.
  • The common greeting is to shake hands while holding direct eye contact.
  • People usually shake women’s hands first before addressing any men present. Older women are greeted before other girls.
  • Men (especially seniors) may look to kiss a woman on the hand. If he offers, you may politely extend your hand to receive it. However, if you would rather not, firmly offer your hand out in a position to be shaken.
  • Women who are acquaintances or good friends may kiss each other three times on alternating cheeks when greeting. Men and women may also do this when they become close friends.
  • Men may kiss the cheeks of their relatives or their female family members’ long-term boyfriend/husband.
  • The common verbal greetings are “Cześć” (Hello), “Dzien dobry” (Good day) or “Dobry wieczór” (Good evening).
  • It’s generally only appropriate to address someone by their first name if they’re a close friend. Use people’s titles and surnames unless they indicate it is appropriate to move onto a first-name basis. “Pan” (Mr.) is used for men and “Pani” (Ms.) for women.
  • People with professional positions are addressed by their job as their title. For example: “Pan Kierownik” (Mr Manager), “Pan Inzynier” (Mr Engineer), “Pani Profesor” (Ms Professor).
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  • Population
    [July 2016 est.]
  • Languages
    Polish [official] (98.2%)
    Silesian (1.4%)
    Other (1.1%)
    [2011 est.]
  • Religions
    Catholic Christianity (87.2%)
    Orthodox Christianity (1.3%)
    Protestant Christianity (0.4%)
    Other (0.4%)
    Unspecified (10.8%)
    [2012 est.]
  • Ethnicities
    Polish (96.9%)
    Silesian (1.1%)
    German (0.2%)
    Ukrainian (0.1%)
    Other (1.7%)
    [2011 est.]
  • Cultural Dimensions
  • Australians with Polish Ancestry
    183,974 [2016 census]
Poles in Australia
  • Population
    [2016 census]
    This figure refers to the number of Australian residents that were born in Poland.
  • Average Age
  • Gender
    Male (43.6%)
    Female (56.4%)
  • Religion
    Catholic Christianity (74.2%)
    No Religion (9.6%)
    Judaism (4.7%)
    Other (8.0%)
    Not stated (3.5%)
  • Ancestry
    Polish (88.1%)
    German (2.4%)
    Jewish (1.5%)
    Other (5.2%)
    Not stated (2.7%)
  • Language Spoken at Home
    Polish (71.0%)
    English (23.9%)
    German (1.1%)
    Other (3.1%)
    Not stated (0.9%)
    Of those who speak a language other than English at home, 56.5% speak English fluently.
  • Diaspora
    Victoria (33.7%)
    New South Wales (29.4%)
    Western Australia (11.4%)
    South Australia (11.4%)
  • Arrival
    Prior to 2001 (85.7%)
    2001-2006 (5.6%)
    2007-2011 (4.7%)
Country https://dtbhzdanf36fd.cloudfront.net/countries/19/pl.svg Flag Country Poland