Peruvian Culture

Naming

  • Most Peruvian names follow Spanish naming conventions. This is a personal name(s) followed by the father’s paternal family name and their mother’s paternal family name. For example, MarÍa ALVAREZ FERNÁNDEZ.
  • Children are often named after their parents or other close relatives. However, only the eldest daughter can be named after the mother.
  • Sometimes, multiple sons may carry their father's first name with different middle names. For instance, three brothers may be named Luis Santiago, Luis Fernando and Luis Miguel.
  • Given names are also often derived from Catholic saints (e.g. Miguel for Saint Michael).
  • Anglicised versions of names are also common, such as the anglicising of Ronaldo to Ronald. 
  • When a woman marries, she either keeps her maiden name or adds her husband’s surname at the end of her name. The term ‘de’ is added between the two surnames (for example, MarÍa ALVAREZ FERNÁNDEZ de GARCIA).
Cultural Competence Program
Cultural Competence Program Logo

Join over 300 organisations already creating a better workplace

Find out more
Download this Cultural Profile

Too busy to read it right now?

You can download this cultural profile in an easy-to-read PDF format that can be printed out and accessed at any time.

Peru
  • Population
    31,036,656
    [2017 est.]
  • Language
    Spanish [official] (84.1%)
    Quechua [official] (13.0%)
    Aymara [official] (1.7%)
    Ashaninka (0.3%)
    Other native languages (0.7%)
    Other (0.2%)
    [2007 est.]
  • Religion
    Roman Catholic Christianity (81.3%)
    Evangelical Christianity (12.5%)
    Other (3.3%)
    No Religion (2.9%)
    [2007 est.]
  • Ethnicity
    Amerindian (45.0%)
    Mestizo (37.0%)
    White (15.0%)
    Other (3%)
    [2007 est.]
  • Cultural Dimensions
    64
    16
    42
    87
    25
    46
  • Australians with Peruvian Ancestry
    11,139 [Census, 2016]
Peruvians in Australia
  • Population
    9,556
    [Census, 2016]
    This figure refers to the number of Australian residents that were born in Peru.
  • Median Age
    42
    [Census, 2016]
  • Gender
    Male (43.1%)
    Female (56.9%)
    [Census, 2016]
  • Religion
    Catholic Christianity (68.7%)
    No Religion (12.4%)
    Christian [not defined] (5.1%)
    Pentecostal Christianity (1.8%)
    Seventh-day Adventist Christianity (1.7%)
    Other Religion (7.0%)
    Not Stated (3.15)
    [Census, 2016]
  • Ancestry
    Peruvian (53.3%)
    Spanish (20.0%)
    Italian (5.1%)
    South American [not defined] (2.9%)
    Other Ancestry (18.8%)
    [Census, 2016]
  • Language Spoken at Home
    Spanish (85.0%)
    English (13.0%)
    Italian (0.6%)
    Other (1.0%)
    Of those who speak a language other than English at home, 87.3% speak English fluently.
    [Census, 2016]
  • Diaspora
    New South Wales (59.8%)
    Victoria (14.8%)
    Queensland (11.8%)
    Western Australia (7.2%)
    Other (6.4%)
    [Census, 2016]
  • Arrival to Australia
    Prior to 2007 (63.0%)
    2007 - 2011 (21.6%)
    2012 - 2016 (12.7%)
    [Census, 2016]
Country https://dtbhzdanf36fd.cloudfront.net/countries/225/pe.svg Flag Country Peru