Peruvian Culture


  • In Peru, greetings are very important because they emphasise that an individual is acknowledged and welcomed.
  • The most common greeting is a handshake. The handshake is usually light and accompanied by eye contact.
  • Handshakes are particularly prevalent when meeting someone for the first time and in formal settings.
  • The ‘abrazo' is a standard greeting among friends and family. This consists of a handshake and a hug between men and a hug and a kiss on the right cheek between women. Among family and friends they are not so close to, they will give a kiss on the right cheek.
  • Peruvian men often add a pat on the back during a handshake with friends and family.
  • Friends address each other by the first name or by a nickname.
  • Professionals (such as doctors or engineers) are usually greeted by their title (e.g. doctor/doctora and ingeniero/ingeniera respectively).
  • Older people are typically addressed as “Señor” for men or “Señora” for women followed by their surname.
  • When addressing older people with whom you have a personal relationship, it is common to refer to them as “Don” (for male) or “Doña” (for females) followed by their first name.
  • Typical phrases that accompany greetings include, “Buenos días” (“Good morning”), “Buenas tardes” (Good afternoon”) and “Buenas noches” (“Good evening”).
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  • Population
    [2017 est.]
  • Languages
    Spanish [official] (84.1%)
    Quechua [official] (13.0%)
    Aymara [official] (1.7%)
    Ashaninka (0.3%)
    Other native languages (0.7%)
    Other (0.2%)
    [2007 est.]
  • Religions
    Roman Catholic Christianity (81.3%)
    Evangelical Christianity (12.5%)
    Other (3.3%)
    No Religion (2.9%)
    [2007 est.]
  • Ethnicities
    Amerindian (45.0%)
    Mestizo (37.0%)
    White (15.0%)
    Other (3%)
    [2007 est.]
  • Cultural Dimensions
  • Australians with Peruvian Ancestry
    11,139 [2016 census]
Peruvians in Australia
  • Population
    [2016 est.]
    This figure refers to the number of Australian residents that were born in Peru
  • Average Age
  • Gender
    Male (43.3%)
    Female (56.7%)
  • Religion
    Catholic Christianity (75.1%)
    Christian [nfd] (4.8%)
    Other (10.8%)
    No Religion (7.2%)
    Not stated (2.2%)
  • Ancestry
    Peruvian (56.3%)
    Spanish (19.2%)
    South American [nfd] (4.3%)
    Italian (3.6%)
    Other (16.6%)
  • Language Spoken at Home
    Spanish (84.5%)
    English (12.9%)
    Italian (0.7%)
    Other (1.3%)
    Of those who speak a language other than English at home, 85.6% speak English fluently.
  • Diaspora
    New South Wales (61.2%)
    Victoria (14.4%)
    Queensland (11.2%)
    Western Australia (6.9%)
  • Arrival to Australia
    Prior to 2001 (57.2%)
    2001-2006 (15.2%)
    2007-2011 (24.6%)
Country Flag Country Peru