Pakistani Culture


The primary authors of this profile were Nina Evason, Iti Memon & Humaira Gul Saeed (2016).


  • Akbar Notezai, M. (2016). The Dilemma of Pakistan’s Foreign Policy.  Retrieved from
  • Armstrong, K. (2011). A Letter to Pakistan. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Australian Bureau of Statistics. (2017). Census 2016, Country of Birth of Person by Sex (SA2+) [Data set].
  • Bughio, M. (2014). Determining the Status and Use of Languages Spoken in Pakistan. Sustainable Multilingualism, 4(4), 46-56.
  • Bureau of , Human Rights and Labor. (2007). Pakistan: International Religious Freedom Report 2007. U.S. Department of State. Retrieved from
  • Burki, S. J., & Ziring, L. (2017). Pakistan. Retrieved from
  • Central Intelligence Agency. (2017). The World Factbook: Pakistan. Retrieved from
  • COMMISCEO Global. (2016). Pakistan Guide. Retrieved from
  • Debenham, L. (2016). Etiquette in Pakistan. Retrieved from
  • Department of Immigration and Border Protection. (2016). Country Profile - Pakistan. Retrieved from
  • Department of Home Affairs. (2019). Pakistan-born: Community Information Summary. Retrieved from
  • Gilbert, P., Gilbert, J., & Sanghera, J. (2004). A focus group exploration of the impact of izzat, shame, subordination and entrapment on mental health and service use in South Asian women living in Derby. Mental Health, Religion & Culture, 7(2), 109-130. Retrieved from
  • Global Affairs Canada. (2014). Cultural Information - Pakistan. Retrieved from
  • Hussain, R. (1999). Community perceptions of reasons for preference for consanguineous marriages in Pakistan. Journal of Biosocial Science, 31, 449-461. Retrieved from
  • Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada. (2015). Pakistan: Situation and treatment of Muhajirs, particularly in Lahore, Islamabad and Faisalabad. Retrieved from
  • International Marketing Advisor. (2015). Business etiquette, language & culture. Doing Business in Pakistan. Retrieved from,-language-culture/.
  • Iqbal, M. (2016). The Long Term Settlement of the Pakistani Migrants in Australia: Education, Employment, Income and English Language Profiles. Melbourne: RMIT University, School of Global, Urban and Social Studies. Retrieved from
  • Minority Rights Group International. (2016). Pakistan. Retrieved from
  • Mittmann, K., & Ihsan, Z. (1998). Culture shock! Pakistan: A Guide to Customs and Etiquette. London: Kuperard
  • Pakistan Bureau of Statistics. (2016). Population by Religion. Islamabad: Pakistan Bureau of Statistics.
  • Panhwar, S. H., & Abdullah, A. (2009). The People and the Land of Sindh - Historical Perspective. Retrieved from
  • Rahman, T. (1996). Language and Politics of Pakistan Karachi. Karachi: Oxford University Press.
  • Transparency International. (2018). Corruption Perceptions Index 2017. Retrieved from
  • University of West Florida. (2010). Resources: End Notes. Retrieved from
  • University of West Florida. (2010). Society and Norms: Family and Family Life - Overview. Retrieved from

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