Pakistani Culture

Naming

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  • Naming conventions vary in Pakistan throughout ethnic, familial, regional and religious traditions. Typically, Pakistani names derive from Arabic, Indo-Persian or Turkish roots. Tribal and familial identity is strongly respected. Therefore, many people add their tribe's name with their family’s.
  • Due to Pakistan's large monotheistic religious contingency, traditional Arabic-Abrahamic (Quranic, Arabic-Biblical and Arabic-Judaic) names are the most prolific; (male) Ali, Muhammad, Yusuf, Bilal and Hamza; (female) Noor, Mariam, Ayesha, Fatima.
  • It is common practice to give the father's most commonly addressed name to the child as their last name. This is also applied to some married females, who adopt their husband's most commonly addressed name as their surname. However, Islamic law does not necessitate the custom of a wife adopting her husband's last name at marriage. Therefore, many Pakistani women retain their maiden names.
  • There are exceptions to this trend, most notably with the surname KHAN, which is common amongst those of Pakhtun origin. SHAH is another common surname passed between families.
  • Western influence following colonisation has seen many Pakistanis adopt European-style naming systems.
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Pakistan
  • Population
    207,774,520
    [Census, 2017]
  • Languages
    Punjabi (48.0%)
    Sindhi (12.0%)
    Saraiki (10.0%)
    Pashto/Pashtu (8.0%)
    Urdu [official] (8.0%)
    Balochi (3.0%)
    Hindko (2.0%)
    Brahui (1.0%)
    English [official], Burushaski, Shina and other 8%
    [2010 est.]
  • Religions
    Islam (96.28%)
    Christianity (1.59%)
    Hinduism (1.60%)
    Ahmadiyya (0.22%)
    Other (0.32%)
    [2010 est.]
  • Ethnicities
    Punjabi (44.68%)
    Pakhtun/Pathan (15.42%)
    Sindhi (14.10%)
    Seraiki (8.38%)
    Muhajir (7.57%)
    Balochi (3.57%)
    Other (6.28%)
    [2010 est.]
  • Cultural Dimensions
    Power Distance 55
    Individualism 14
    Masculinity 50
    Uncertainty Avoidance 70
    Long Term Orientation 50
    Indulgence 0
    What's this?
  • Australians with Pakistani Ancestry
    64,344 [2016 census]
Pakistanis in Australia
  • Population
    61,913
    [Census, 2016]
    This figure refers to the number of Australian residents that were born in Pakistan.
  • Average Age
    31 [Census, 2011]
  • Gender
    Male (60.9%)
    Female (39.1%)
    [Census, 2016]
  • Religion
    Islam (87.6%)
    Catholic Christianity (4.7%)
    No Religion (1.7%)
    Other (4.1%)
    Not stated (1.9%)
    [Census, 2011]
  • Ancestry
    Pakistani (65.2%)
    Indian (7.5%)
    Southern Asian nfd. (3.6%)
    English (3.5%)
    Other (20.1%)
    [Census, 2011]
  • Language Spoken at Home
    Urdu (72.5%)
    English (10.2%)
    Pashto/Pashtu (4.7%)
    Dari (2.5%)
    Other (10.2%)
    Of those who speak a language other than English at home, 89.5% speak English fluently.
    [Census, 2011]
  • Diaspora
    New South Wales (44.3%)
    Victoria (30.4%)
    Western Australia (8.3%)
    Queensland (7.8%)
    Other (9.2%)
    [Census, 2011]
  • Arrival
    Prior to 1996 (9.6%)
    1996 - 2005 (32%)
    2006 - 2015 (66.6%)
    2016 (5.8%)
    Not stated (2.6%)
    Note: Arrivals up until 9 August 2016.
    [Census, 2016]
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