North Sudanese Culture


The primary author of this profile was Nina Evason (2018).


  • Abusharaf, R. M. (2002). Wanderings, Sudanese Migrants and Exiles in North America. New York: Cornell University Press.
  • Adam, A. H. (2018). Displaced in Darfur. Retrieved from
  • Al Jazeera. (2013). UN: 460,00 displaced in Darfur this year. Retrieved from
  • (2017). Sudanese culture, customs and etiquette. Retrieved from
  • Arabicare. (2018). Sudanese. Retrieved from
  • Austin,J. (2014). 10 Tips On Business Etiquette In Sudan. Retrieved from
  • Bernal, V. (1999). Migration, Modernity and Islam in Rural Sudan. Retrieved from
  • Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor. (2015). Sudan 2015 International Religious Freedom Report. Retrieved from
  • Central Intelligence Agency. (2018). The World Factbook - Sudan. Retrieved from
  • Cultural Advisory Unit. (2012). Sudan – Quick Reference Guide. Brisbane, Queensland: Queensland Police Service.
  • Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade. (2005). Darfur Update. Retrieved from
  • Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade. (2016). DFAT Country Information Report: Sudan. Retrieved from 
  • Department of Home Affairs. (2019). Sudan-born: Community Information Summary. Retrieved from
  • De Waal, A. (2007). Darfur – the Crisis Explained. Retrieved from
  • ElTayib, A. (2017). Changing Customs of the Sudan. Sudan: New Life Printing Press.
  • Emory University School of Law. (2015). The Republic of Sudan. Retrieved from
  • Essuen, K. & Falola, T. (2008). Culture and Customs of Sudan. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press. 
  • Fábos, A. H. (2008). 'Brothers' Or Others?: Propriety and Gender for Muslim Arab Sudanese in Egypt. Portland: Berghahn Books.
  • Freeman, M., Carney, T, & Butler, V. (2005). Sudan: The Land and the People. London: Thames & Hudson Ltd. 
  • Global Affairs Canada. (2015). Sudan. Retrieved from
  • Hale, S. (1996). Gender politics in Sudan: Islamism, Socialism, and the State. Boulder, Co: Westview Press.
  • Higginbottom, G. M., Safipour, J., Mumtaz, Z., Chiu, Yvonne., Paton, P. & Pillay, J. (2013). “I have to do what I believe”: Sudanese women’s beliefs and resistance to hegemonic practices at home and during experiences of maternity care in Canada. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 13(51), 1-10.
  • Human Rights Watch. (2008). Q&A: Crisis in Darfur. Retrieved from
  • Ibbotson, S. & Lovell-Hoare, M. (2012). Sudan. United Kingdom: Bradt Travel Guides.
  • International Criminal Court. (2018). Case Information Sheet: Situation in Darfur, Sudan - The Prosecutor v. Omar Hassan Ahmad Al Bashir. Retrieved from 
  • Jefferson, A. (2017). Sudan Political Environment History: The faith of democracy in Sudan. Abidjan: Dany Beck Paper Shop.
  • Jupp, J. (2001). The Australian People: An Encyclopedia of the Nation, Its People and Their Origins. New York: Cambridge University Press.
  • Lejukole, J., Rainbird, S., Blewett, V., Every, D. & Clarkson, L. (2012). Pathways to Employment for South and North Sudanese Communities Resettled in South Australia. Adelaide: Appleton Institute, Adelaide Campus Central Queensland University.
  • Markus, A. (2015). Australian Today: The Australia@2015 Scanlon Foundation Survey. Retrieved from 
  • Mayersen, D. & Galloway, T. (2012). Responding to Genocide: Australian Parliamentary Discussions about the Crisis in Darfur. The African Studies Association of Australasia and the Pacific 35th Conference: Africa: People, Places and Spaces. Retrieved from
  • McCullough, M. & Darfur Australia Network. (2010). Review of Australia’s Relationship with the Countries of Africa. Joint Standing Committee on Foreign Affairs, Defence and Trade, Submission No 48. Retrieved from
  • Milner, K. & Khawaja, N. G. (2010). Sudanese Refugees in Australia: The Impact of Acculturation Stress. Journal of Pacific Rim Psychology, 4(1): 19-29.
  • Minority Rights Group International. (2018). Sudan. Retrieved from 
  • Multicultural Health Policy Unit. (2015). ACT Health Community Profile – Sudan. Retrieved from
  • Mwaniki, A. (2018). Ethnic Groups of Sudan. Retrieved from 
  • Nureddeen, F. A. (2004). Cross cultural pragmatics: Apology strategies in Sudanese Arabic. Journal of Pragmatics 40(2), 279-306.
  • Oppong, J. R. (2010). Sudan. London: Chelsea House Publisher.
  • Pew Research Center. (2013). Headscarf incident in Sudan highlights a global trend. Retrieved from
  • Pew Research Center. (2017). The Changing Global Religious Landscape. Retrieved from
  • ProQuest. (2017). Culture Gram: Sudan. Michigan: ProQuest.
  • QLD Health. (2009). Sudanese Ethnicity and Background. Retrieved from
  • Ryle, J., Willis, J., Baldo, S. & Jok, J. M. (2012). The Sudan Handbook. London: Rift Valley Institute. 
  • Sikainga, A. A., Spaulgin, J. L., Al-Shahi, A. S., el Din Sabr, M. & Collins, R. O. (2018). Encyclopedia Britannica: Sudan. Retrieved from 
  • Sharkey, H. (2008). Arab Identity and Ideology in Sudan: The Politics of Language, Ethnicity, and Race. African Affairs, 107(426): 21-43. 
  • Sneesby, L., Satchell, R., Good, P. & van der Riet, P. (2011). Death and Dying in Australia: Perceptions of a Sudanese Community. Retrieved from
  • The African Child Policy Forum. (2013). Minimum Age of marriage in Africa. Retrieved from
  • Transparency International. (2018). Corruption Perceptions Index 2017. Retrieved from
  • UK Trade and Investment. (2011). Doing business in Sudan. Retrieved from
  • UNICEF. (2016). State of the World’s Children. Retrieved from 
  • United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees. (2004). Sudan: Stepping into the world's worst humanitarian crisis. Retrieved from 
  • United Kingdom Government. (2006). A Guide to Names and Naming Practices. Retrieved from
  • United Nations Development Programme. (2016). Human Development Indicators. Retrieved from
  • United Nations Development Programme. (2018). Sudan: The Land and the People. Retrieved from
  • United Nations Office of the High Commission for Human Rights. (2017). The Human Rights Situation of Internally Displaced Persons in Darfur 2014-2016. Retrieved from
  • United Nations Statistics Division. (2006). Census in Sudan. Retrieved from
  • US Commission on International Religious Freedom. (2017). Sudan. Retrieved from
  • US Department of State. (2017). Sudan 2017 Human Rights Report. Retrieved from
  • US Embassy in Sudan. (2017). Sudan International Religious Freedoms Report for 2016. Retrieved from

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