New Zealand Culture


The primary author of this profile was Nina Evason (2016).


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  • Advameg. (n.d.). New Zealand. Retrieved from
  • Australian Bureau of Statistics. (2010). Australian Social Trends: New Zealanders in Australia. Retrieved from 
  • Australian Bureau of Statistics. (2017). Census 2016, Country of Birth of Person by Sex (SA2+) [Data set].
  • Central Intelligence Agency. (2020). The World Factbook: New Zealand. Retrieved from
  • COMMISCEO Global. (2016). New Zealand Guide. Retrieved from
  • Cribb, J. (2009). Focus on Families: New Zealand Families of Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow. Retrieved from
  • Convict Creations. (n.d.). Cultural Differences between Australia and England. Retrieved from
  • Culture Crossing Guide. (2014). New Zealand. Retrieved from
  • Department of Immigration and Border Protection. (2016). Fact sheet - New Zealanders in Australia. Retrieved from
  • Department of Home Affairs. (2019). New Zealand-born: Community Information Summary. Retrieved from
  • Forbes, S. (2019). With an expat community of over one million New Zealanders living abroad, what are we doing to make use of these people and their skills?. Retrieved from 
  • Forebears. (2021). Most Common Last Names In New Zealand. Retrieved from 
  • Global Affairs Canada. (2014). Cultural Information - New Zealand. Retrieved from
  • Geert Hofstede. (2016). New Zealand. Retrieved from
  • Institute for Economics & Peace. (2015). Global Peace Index. Retrieved from
  • Keane, B. (2011). Whāngai - customary fostering and adoption - The custom of whāngai. Retrieved from
  • Lewis, R. D. (2006). When Cultures Collide. Boston: Nicholas Brealey International.
  • Marriott, L., & Sim, D. (2014). Indicators of Inequality for Māori and Pacific People. Retrieved from
  • Mikaere, A. (1994). Maori Women: Caught In The Contradictions Of A Colonised Reality. Waikato Law Review, 2: 125-149. Retrieved from 
  • Ministry for Culture and Heritage. (2012). Māori values and practices. Retrieved from
  • Morris, P. (2011). Diverse religions - Religious diversity in New Zealand. Retrieved from
  • Museum Victoria Australia. (n.d.). History of immigration from New Zealand. Retrieved from
  • New Zealand Government. (2019). Baby Names. Retrieved from's%20a%20new%20name%20at,followed%20by%20Mikaere%20and%20Aria 
  • Rough Guides. (n.d.). New Zealand: Culture and Etiquette. Retrieved from
  • Spinks, H. & Klapdor, M. (2016). New Zealanders in Australia: A quick guide. Retrieved from
  • Statistics New Zealand (2013). Census QuickStats about culture and identity. Retrieved from
  • Statistics New Zealand. (2013). Māori language speakers. Retrieved from
  • Statistics New Zealand. (2016). Families. Retrieved from
  • Transparency International. (2018). Corruption Perceptions Index 2017. Retrieved from
  • Wilson, J. (2005). Society - Modern society. Retrieved from

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