Nepalese Culture

Population Statistics

Nepal

Population

29,033,914

[July 2016 est.]

Language

Nepālī/Gorkhali [official] 44.6%
Maithali 11.7%
Bhojpuri 6.0%
Tharu 5.8%
Tamang 5.1%
Newar 3.2%
Magar 3.0%
Bajjika 3.0%
Urdu 2.6%
Avadhi 1.9%
Limbu 1.3%
Gurung 1.2%
Other 10.4%
Unspecified 0.2%

[Census, 2011]

The 2011 Nepali Census reported 123 mother tongue languages. Many people also speak English in government and business.

Religion

Hinduism 81.3%
Buddhism 9.0%
Islam 4.4%
Kirant Mundhum 3.1%
Christianity 1.4%
Other 0.5%
Unspecified 0.2%

[Census, 2011]

Ethnicity

Chhetri 16.6%
Brahman-Hill 12.2%
Magar 7.1%
Tharu 6.6%
Tamang 5.8%
Newar 5.0%
Kami 4.8%
Muslim 4.4%
Yadav 4.0%
Rai 2.3%
Gurung 2.0%
Damai/Dholii 1.8%
Thakuri 1.6%
Limbu 1.5%
Sarki 1.4%
Teli 1.4%
Chamar/Harijan/Ram 1.3%
Koiri/Kushwaha 1.2%
Other 19%

[Census, 2011]

The 2011 Nepali Census reported 125 caste/ groups in total.

Cultural Dimensions

65

30

40

40

 

Australians with Nepali Ancestry

62,806 
[Census, 2016]

Nepalis in Australia

Population

54,754

[Census, 2016]

This figure refers to the number of Australian residents that were born in Nepal.

Median Age

29 
[Census, 2016]

Gender

Male 54.9%
Female 45.1%

[Census, 2016]

Religion

Hinduism 82.0%
Buddhism 9.3%
Other Religion 3.3%
No Religion 3.2%
Not Stated 2.0%

[Census, 2016]

Ancestry

Nepalese 90.2%
Bhutanese 2.4%
English 2.0%
Other Ancestry 5.4%

[Census, 2016]

Language Spoken at Home

Nepali 94.8%
English 3.0%
Hindi 0.6%
Other Languages 1.3%

Of those who speak a language other than English at home, 94.3% speak English fluently.

[Census, 2016]

Diaspora

New South Wales 58.7%
Victoria 17.1%
Queensland 9.3%
South Australia 5.2%
Other 9.7%

[Census, 2016]

Arrival

Prior to 2007 10.8%
2007 - 2011 39.9%
2012 - 2016 46.8%

[Census, 2016]

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