Mexican Culture


  • Mexicans have a personal name(s) followed by two surnames – the father’s paternal family name and then the mother’s paternal family name. For example: Hector Marίa GONZALEZ LÓPEZ.
  • The first of the surnames (the father’s family name) is used alone to address people, whilst the second family name (the mother’s) is rarely used in isolation. For example, Hector Marίa GONZALEZ LÓPEZ would be appropriately abbreviated as Hector GONZALEZ.
  • People may have two personal names (e.g. Hector Marίa). The second personal name does not always reflect the gender of the person. In this case, the first of the two may be used on its own, but the second should not be. 
  • It is not customary for Mexican women to adopt their husband’s surname at marriage.
  • Among friends and family, Mexicans often use nicknames to refer to one another. Commonly, Mexicans will create nicknames based on an easily noticeable personal characteristic or as a shorter form of one’s first name. For example, one’s nickname might be ‘el gordito’ (‘the fat one’) or ‘Pato’ (a shorter form of Patricio).
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  • Population
    [July 2017 est.]
  • Languages
    Spanish (de facto national language)
    Over 60 indigenous languages, including Nahuatl, Yucatec Maya, Mixtec, Zapotec, Tzeltal Maya, Tzotzil Maya and Otomi.
  • Religions
    Catholic Christian (82.72%)
    Evangelical Christian (6.74%)
    No Religion (4.68%)
    Unspecified (2.72%)
    Jehovah's Witness (1.39%)
    Protestant Christian (0.74%)
    Other (1.02%)
    [2010 census]
  • Ethnicities
    Mestizo (64.3%)
    Mexican white (15.0%)
    Detribalised Amerindian (10.5%)
    Other Amerindian (7.5%)
    Arab (1.0%)
    Mexican black (0.5%)
    Other (1.2%)
    Note: Mexico does not collect census data on ethnicity. All figures above are estimates.
    [Encyclopedia Britannica, 2010]
  • Cultural Dimensions
  • Australians with Mexican Ancestry
    7,414 [2016 census]
Mexicans in Australia
  • Population
    [2016 census]
    This figure refers to the number of Australian residents that were born in Mexico.
  • Average Age
  • Gender
    Male (47.9%)
    Female (52.1%)
  • Religion
    Catholic Christianity (63.2%)
    No Religion (19.0%)
    Christianity, ndf (3.0%)
    Not stated (2.8%)
    Other (12%)
  • Ancestry
    Mexican (65.9%)
    Spanish (12.0%)
    Australian (3.0%)
    English (2.9%)
    Other (16.2%)
  • Language Spoken at Home
    Spanish (79.9%)
    English (16.7%)
    Other (2.8%)
    Not stated (0.6%)
    Of those who speak a language other than English at home, 93.6% speak English fluently.
  • English Proficiency
    Well (93.6%)
    Not Well (5.5%)
  • Diaspora
    New South Wales (35.4%)
    Victoria (27.1%)
    Queensland (16.4%)
    South Australia (8.9%)
  • Arrival to Australia
    Prior to 2001 (25.2%)
    2001-2006 (22%)
    2007-2011 (48.4%)
Country Flag Country Mexico