Malaysian Culture

Malaysians in Australia

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The Malaysia-born population in Australia was relatively low in the early 1900s due to the White Australia Policy. There was a small increase in the size of the Malaysian community during WWII when people were evacuated from British Malaya. Most arrivals were those of European descent.


In the late 1960s, particular government policies, race riots, and unfavourable socio-political conditions had negative impacts on the Chinese and other minorities in Malaysia. This factor, alongside the abolishment of the White Australia Policy, led to Australia becoming a desirable destination for Malaysian immigrants, primarily ethnic Chinese. During this time, many students came to Australia and subsequently chose to stay once they completed their studies. Quite a number of these students married locally and later sponsored their parents or siblings. Indeed, Malaysians have one of the highest rates of intermarriage with Australians.


The largest wave of Malaysia-born immigrants was after 1981, under the Family Reunion Program or as skilled or business migrants. The Malaysia-born population in Australia almost doubled between 1986-1991. According to the 2011 census, just under 45% of the population who are employed work in a professional occupation.

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Malaysia
  • Population
    30,949,962
    [July 2016 est.]
  • Languages
    Bahasa Malaysian [official]
    English
    Chinese (Cantonese, Mandarin, Hokkien, Hakka, Hainan, Foochow)
    Tamil
    Telugu
    Iban
    Kadazan
    Other indigenous languages
  • Religions
    Islam [official] (61.3%)
    Buddhism (19.8%)
    Christianity (9.2%)
    Hinduism (6.3%)
    Confucianism, Taoism and other traditional Chinese religions (1.3%)
    Other (0.4%)
    No Religion (0.7%)
    [2010 census]
  • Ethnicities
    Bumiputera [Malay (50.1%) & Orang Asli/indigenous (11.8%)] (61.5%)
    Chinese (22.6%)
    Indian (6.7%)
    Other (1%)
    Non-citizens (8.2%)
    [2010 census]
  • Cultural Dimensions
    Power Distance 100
    Individualism 26
    Masculinity 50
    Uncertainty Avoidance 36
    Long Term Orientation 41
    Indugence 57
    What's this?
  • Australians with Malay Ancestry
    46,079 [2016 census]
Malaysians in Australia
  • Population
    138,364
    [2016 census]
    This figure refers to the number of Australian residents that were born in Malaysia.
  • Average Age
    39
  • Gender
    Males (45.5%)
    Females (54.5%)
  • Religion
    Buddhism (25.2%)
    No Religion (16.3%)
    Catholic Christianity (14.5%)
    Islam (6.2%)
    Other (37.7%)
  • Ancestry
    Chinese (62.1%)
    Malay (13.2%)
    Indian (5.8%)
    English (4.2%)
    Other (14.7%)
  • Language Spoken at Home
    English (32.6%)
    Mandarin (24%)
    Cantonese (23.1%)
    Malay (8.1%)
    Other (12.2%)
    Of those who speak a language other than English at home, 92.5% speak English fluently.
  • Diaspora
    Victoria (34.2%)
    New South Wales (23.5%)
    Western Australia (21.5%)
    Queensland (11%)
  • Arrival
    Prior to 2001 (56.3%)
    2001-2006 (16.3%)
    2007-2011 (24.1%)
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