Italian Culture

Communication

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Verbal

  • Direct Communication: Italians are typically direct communicators. They tend to be open about their emotions and speak clearly about their point. They generally expect similar honesty from their conversation partner and hence may fail to read into understatements. Therefore, avoid ambiguity and indirect speech.
  • Communication Style: Italians are generally quite open, inquisitive and bold. Expect to be asked a lot about your life story and background. You may find that they are eager to give their opinions or advice on your activity. For example, they may point out an error in your organisation of your home and give you a tip on how to correct it. Foreigners can find this judgemental or nosey. However, avoid ignoring them or shutting down their questions and comments. This may lead them to see you as closed off or overly sensitive.
  • Silence: Italians can grow uncomfortable with prolonged periods of silence and may naturally speak to fill it.
  • Raised Voices: Italians may speak in loud voices to make themselves heard over one another. A raised voice is not necessarily a sign of anger, but can be an expression of excitement or conviction. You may find people talk over one another in order to be heard.
  • Humour: Italians often enjoy joking throughout conversation to lighten the mood. Having humour in one’s voice can allow people to speak their mind quite openly. Be aware that their humour can be quite cynical, making fun of sensitive topics. They can also be quite self-deprecating, ironic and sarcastic. Expect them to mock one another and slip sarcasm or double meanings into any topic of conversation.
  • Online Communication: Consider that some Italians may find online communication to be an impersonal form of interaction or a lazy way of maintaining a relationship. The older generation in particular may limit its use to helping organise further face-to-face interaction. This does not apply to the younger generations that are more involved in the digital world.


Non-Verbal

  • Personal Space: Italians generally keep a close proximity to one another, sometimes standing less than a metre away from the person they are talking to. While this distinction is not always noticeable, they may think you are avoiding them if you move farther away from what they consider to be normal.
  • Physical Contact: Italians are relatively tactile and affectionate. It is common to see hugging, kissing, back slapping and hand holding in public. People may touch their conversation partner to show their engagement in the discussion – for example, nudging them or touching their arm when pointing something out. Friends may also walk arm-in-arm in public.
  • Eye Contact: Direct eye contact is expected and held during conversations. In some places in italy, staring is quite common as people survey those around them.
  • Expression: Italians are naturally more expressive in their tone of voice, facial expressions and body language, often motioning with their hands to emphasise their point. This can sometimes seem theatrical. Expect many gestures to be used during communication and consider how much you use your own in comparison. Newly migrated Italians can often interpret Australian body language to be stiff and reserved.
  • Gestures: To rub one’s thumb against the fingers indicates money. People may acknowledge the cleverness of another person by pulling down the bottom eyelid with a finger. People can gesture “no” by jerking their head upwards –- be aware this can look similar to a nod.
  • Counting: Italians start counting with their thumb instead of their index finger. The thumb represents 1, and so on.
Italy
  • Population
    62,007,540
    [July 2016 est.]
  • Languages
    Italian (official)
    English
    French
    Spanish
    German
    Other regional dialects
  • Religions
    Christianity (80%)
    No Religion (20%)
    Islam (1.67%)
  • Ethnicities
    Italian (92.0%)
    Romanian (1.81%)
    Asian (1.11%)
    North African (1.07%)
    Albanian (0.77%)
    Other (2.61%)
    [National Institute of Statistics, 2014]
  • Cultural Dimensions
    Power Distance 50
    Individualism 76
    Masculinity 70
    Uncertainty Avoidance 75
    Long Term Orientation 61
    Indulgence 30
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  • Australians with Italian Ancestry
    1,000,006 [2016 census]
Italians in Australia
  • Population
    174,042
    [2016 census]
    This figure refers to the number of Australian residents that were born in Italy.
  • Average Age
    68
  • Gender
    Male (51.1%)
    Female (48.9%)
  • Religion
    Catholic Christianity (91%)
    No Religion (3.3%)
    Jehovah's Witnesses (0.9%)
    Other (2.6%)
  • Ancestry
    Italian (93.1%)
    English (1.1%)
    Australian (0.7%)
    Other (2.5%)
  • Language Spoken at Home
    Italian (80.8%)
    English (17.8%)
    Spanish (0.2%)
    Other (0.7%)
    Of those who speak a language other than English at home, 74.3% speak English fluently.
  • Diaspora
    Victoria (41.5%)
    New South Wales (27.8%)
    South Australia (11.2%)
    Western Australia (10.5%)
  • Arrival to Australia
    Prior to 2001 (89.7%)
    2001-2006 (1.4%)
    2006-2011 (2%)
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