Israeli Culture


The primary author of this profile was Chara Scroope (2020).


  • Advameg. (n.d.). Israel. Countries and their Cultures. Retrieved from
  • Amnesty International. (2019). Chapter 3: Israeli Settlements and International Law. Retrieved from
  • Araj, B., & Brym, R. J. (2019). Intifadah. Encyclopaedia Britannica. Retrieved from
  • Ariel, A. (2012). Diversity in Israel. In A. T. Levenson (ed.) The Wiley-Blackwell History of Jews and Judaism. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing.
  • Australian Trade and Investment Commission. (2017). Israel Market Profile. Retrieved from
  • Australian Bureau of Statistics. (2017). Census 2016, Country of Birth of Person by Sex (SA2+) [Data set].
  • Beauchamp, Z. (2018a). What are settlements, and why are they such a big deal?. Retrieved from
  • Beauchamp, Z. (2018b). What is the Nakba?. Retrieved from
  • Beauchamp, Z. (2018c). What is Zionism?. Retrieved from
  • Beauchamp, Z. (2018d). What were the intifadas?. Retrieved from
  • Berenbaum, M. (2019). Anti-Semitism. Encyclopaedia Britannica. Retrieved from
  • Berger. M. (2018). Israel’s hugely controversial “nation-state” law, explained. Retrieved from
  • Bordo, M. (2018). Israeli Tech’s Identity Crisis: Startup Nation of Scale Up Nation. Retrieved from
  • Brym, R. J., & Bader, A. (2019). Intifadah. Encyclopaedia Britannica. Retrieved from
  • B’TSELEM. (2017). Settlements. Retrieved from
  • Central Bureau of Statistics. (2018). Israel in Figures: Selected Data from the Statistical Abstract of Israel. Retrieved from
  • Central Intelligence Agency. (2020). The World Factbook: Israel. Retrieved from
  • Communicaid. (2020). Country: Israel. Retrieved from
  • Culture Crossing Guide. (2014). Israel. Retrieved from
  • Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade. (2019). Israel Country Brief. Retrieved from
  • Department of Home Affairs. (2018). Israel-born: Community Information Summary. Retrieved from
  • Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica. (2019). Moshav. Encyclopaedia Britannica. Retrieved from
  • Export Entreprises. (2019). Israel: Business Practices. Retrieved from
  • Fisher, A. (2019). The Foreigner’s Guide to Israeli Names. Retrieved from
  • Fisher, Y. (2015). Going Down: The Art of Israeli Yerida. Presentense, 5. Retrieved from
  • Friedland, R., & R. D. Hecht. (2009). “Jewish Communities in Israel” in M. Juergensmeyer (ed.) The Oxford Handbook of Global Religions. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Global Affairs Canada. (2018). Cultural Information - Israel. Retrieved from
  • Hofstede Insights. (2019). Israel. Retrieved from
  • Holmes, O., & Balousha, H. (2018). ‘One more racist law’: reactions as Israel axes Arabic as official language. Retrieved from
  • Lewin-Epstein, N., & Cohen, Y. (2019). origin and identity in the Jewish population of Israel. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 45(11), 2118–2137. DOI: 10.1080/1369183X.2018.1492370
  • Malka, J. (n.d.). Differences in Sephardic Ashkenazi Genealogy. Retrieved from
  • Maltz, J. (2014). One, two, three, four - we opened up the Iron Door: 25 years of Russian immigration. Retrieved from
  • Margalit, R. (2013). Israel’s surprising poverty. Retrieved from
  • Metz, H. C. (1988). Israel: A Country Study. Washington: GPO for the Library of Congress. Retrieved from
  • Minority Rights Group International. (2020a). Israel: Bedouin. Retrieved from
  • Minority Rights Group International. (2020b). Israel: Druze. Retrieved from
  • Minority Rights Group International. (2020c). Israel: Ethiopian Jews. Retrieved from
  • Minority Rights Group International. (2020d). Israel: Palestinians. Retrieved from
  • Museum Victoria Australia. (n.d.). Immigration History from Israel to Victoria. Retrieved from
  • Nahshon, G. (n.d.). The Myth of the Israeli Sabra. Retrieved from
  • . (2018). OECD Economic Surveys: Israel. Retrieved from
  • Oring, E. (1973). “Hey, You’ve Got No Character”: Chizbat humour and the boundaries of Israeli Identity. The Journal of American Folklore, 86(342), 358-366.
  • PeaceNow. (2019). New 2018 Population Data for Israelis in the West Bank. Retrieved from
  • Pew Research Center. (2012). The Global Religious Landscape: Jews. Retrieved from
  • Pew Research Center. (2016). Israel’s Religiously Divided Society. Retrieved from
  • Pappé, I. (2018). Israel. London and New York: Routledge.
  • Porat, R. (2015). Out of Israel: Austraelis re-invent the diasporic identity. Retrieved from
  • ProQuest. (2017). Culture Gram: Israel. Michigan: ProQuest.
  • Ratcliffe, R. (2019). Jewish and Arab students learn to cross divides at Jerusalem school. Retrieved from
  • Ravitzky, A. (1999). Ultra-Orthodox & Anti-Zionist. My Jewish Learning. Retrieved from
  • Razin, E. (2019). Tel Aviv-Yafo. Encyclopaedia Britannica. Retrieved from
  • Remnick, D. (2013). The Party Faithful: The settlers move to annex the West Bank - and Israeli politics. Retrieved from
  • Rubinstein, K. (2012). Israeli Culture from 1948 to the Present. In A. T. Levenson (ed.) The Wiley-Blackwell History of Jews and Judaism. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing.
  • Shabi, R. (2012). Wrong side of the fence: Why Israel has never got past its fear of the other. Retrieved from
  • Sheppard, E. (2018). Sun, sand, sea and… unicorns? Why Tel Aviv is the world’s new startup capital. Retrieved from
  • Sherwood, H. (2010). The kibbutz: 100 years old and facing an uncertain future. Retrieved from
  • Sicherman, H., E. Elath, W. L. Ochsenwald, & R. A. Stone. (2019). Israel. Encyclopaedia Britannica. Retrieved from
  • Slucki, D. (2012). Australia, Israel and the politics of diaspora. Retrieved from
  • Solomon, S. (2017). Startup Nation has grown into Tech Nation, Intel Israel R&D chief says. Retrieved from
  • Theodorou, A. E. (2016). Israeli Jews from the former Soviet Union are more secular, less religiously observant. Pew Research Center. Retrieved from
  • Tikkanen, A. (2019). Kibbutz. Encyclopaedia Britannica. Retrieved from
  • Transparency International. (2019). Corruption Perceptions Index 2018. Retrieved from
  • The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica. (2020). Druze. Encyclopaedia Britannica. Retrieved from
  • United Nations. (2014). Origins and Evolution of the Palestinian Problem. Retrieved from
  • Wasserstein, B., J. Prawer, M. Dumper, B. Gordon, & S. H. Perowne. (2019). Jerusalem. Encyclopaedia Britannica. Retrieved from
  • Waxman, D. (2019). Israeli’s West Bank settlements: 4 questions answered. Retrieved from
  • World Bank. (2019). Country Profile: Israel. Retrieved from
  • Yad Vashem: World Holocaust Remembrance Centre. (2020). Frequently Asked Questions. Retrieved from
  • Yerman, J. (2019). A Startup Nation: Why Israel Has Become the New Silicon Valley. Retrieved from
  • Zeev, A. B. (2011). Xenophobe’s guide to the Israelis. London: Oval Books.

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