Iraqi Culture

Dates of Significance

National Dates

  • New Year's Day/Sovereignty Day (1st of January)
  • Army Day (6th of January) - not observed in Kurdistan
  • Liberation Day (9th of April) - only observed in Kurdistan
  • Labour Day (1st of May)
  • Ceasefire Day (8th of August)
  • Republic Day (14th of July)
  • Iraqi Independence Day (3rd of October)

Religious Dates

Islamic dates of significance are based on the Islamic lunar calendar, and therefore the actual dates vary from year to year. Some important dates include:

  • Ramadan: the ninth month of the Islamic lunar calendar. This is the month that Muhammad received his first revelation from God. Muslims fast for 29-30 days to recognise this event.
  • Eid-ul-Fitr: the end of Ramadan
  • Eid-ul-Adha: the twelfth month of Islamic lunar calendar, signifying completion of the Haj and Abraham’s sacrifice of a sheep.
  • Islamic New Year: the first day of Muharram, the first month in the lunar Islamic calendar
  • Moulad (The Prophet Birthday): Sunni Muslims observe the prophet Muhammad’s birthday on the 12th day of the Islamic month of Rabi’al-awwal, while Shi’a Muslims mark it on the 17th of the same month.
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  • Population
    [July 2016 est.]
  • Languages
    Arabic (official)
    Kurdish (official)
    Turkmen (official)
    Assyrian (official)
  • Religions
    Islam (97%)
    - Shi'a (55-60%)
    - Sunni (40%)
    Other, including Christians, Yazidis and Mandeans (3%)
    [Religious Freedoms Report, 2017]
  • Ethnicities
    Arab (75-80%)
    Kurdish (15-20%)
    Turkoman, Assyrian or Other (5%)
  • Cultural Dimensions
  • Australians with Iraqi Ancestry
    42,881 [2016 census]
Iraqis in Australia
  • Population
    [2016 census]
    This figure refers to the number of Australian residents that were born in Iraq.
  • Average Age
  • Gender
    Male (51.6%)
    Female (48.4%)
  • Religion
    Catholic Christianity (35.7%)
    Islam (32%)
    Assyrian Apostolic Christianity (11.9%)
    Other (20.4%)
    No Religion (1.6%)
  • Ancestry
    Iraqi (36.8%)
    Assyrian (20.7%)
    Chaldean (12.4%)
    Other (19.5%)
  • Language Spoken at Home
    Arabic (52.5%)
    Assyrian Neo-Aramaic (23%)
    Chaldean Neo-Aramaic (13.5%)
    Kurdish (3.3%)
    Other (7.7%)
    Of those who speak a language other than English at home, 68.1% speak English fluently.
  • Diaspora
    New South Wales (60.9%)
    Victoria (26.6%)
    Western Australia (5.4%)
    Queensland (3.2%)
  • Arrival to Australia
    Prior to 2001 (43.6%)
    2001-2006 (25.5%)
    2007-2011 (26.9%)
Country Flag Country Iraq