Iranian Culture

Naming

  • It is not customary for Iranians to have a middle name. Instead, they may have two first names: [first personal name] [optional second personal name] [surname].
  • Naming is patrilineal with children taking their father’s last name. However, women do not have to change their last name to their husband’s at marriage. They may add it onto their own with a hyphen if they choose.
  • One’s name can reflect their family’s background. People who have a name that has strong religious association (i.e. Mohammed, Ataollah) may to come from a conservative household. Alternatively, those with classic Persian names might have more progressive parents. However, many religiously-based names are popular throughout society. For example, Ali (for boys) and Fatemeh (for girls) are very common.
  • Some common Persian personal names are Dariush, Koorush, Abtin, Kamran and Arash for men. Elnaz, Shirin, Sara, Nooshin, Mehri and Laleh are common for women.
  • Many names have a meaning. For example, Behrooz (boy’s name) means ‘better day’, while Bahar (girl’s name) means ‘season of Spring’.
  • Persian names are often based on inspiring characters of old Persian literature. The person may be thought to carry the reputation of that character. For example, they might have a connotation of bravery if they are named after a hero, or thoughtfulness if named after an intellectual.
  • Many modern surnames reflect a family’s local city or region. For example, someone with the last name TEHRANI is likely to have heritage in Tehran.
  • Other surnames may have a suffix that means ‘son of’. HASSANZADEH indicates ‘son of Hassan’. This kind of name structure may be hyphenated or separated as either HASSAN-ZADEN or HASSAN ZADEN. However, both words should still be considered part of the last name.
  • A title of ‘Sheikh’ indicates a person is a head of a religious Islamic group, however this is not very common in modern day Iran.
  • The title ‘Haj’ indicates a person has completed their pilgrimage to Mecca.
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Iran
  • Population
    82,801,633
    [July 2016 est.]
  • Languages
    Persian (official)
    Azeri and other Turkic dialects
    Kurdish
    Gilaki and Mazandarani
    Luri
    Balochi
    Arabic
  • Religions
    Islam (99.4%)
    Shi'a (90-95%)
    Sunni (5-10%)
    Non-Muslim (0.3%)
    Un-declared (0.3%)
    [2011 est.]
  • Ethnicities
    Persian
    Azeri (Azerbaijani)
    Kurd
    Lur
    Turkmen
    Arab
    Baloch
    Talysh
    Armenians
    Assyrians
    Turkic tribes
    Others
  • Cultural Dimensions
    58
    41
    43
    59
    14
    40
  • Australians with Iranian Ancestry
    62,793 [2016 census]
Iranians in Australia
  • Population
    58,112
    [2016 census]
    This figure refers to the number of Australian residents that were born in Iran.
  • Average Age
    36
  • Gender
    Males (53.6%)
    Females (46.4%)
  • Religion
    Islam (36.8%)
    No Religion (18.4%)
    Bahá’í (18.2%)
    Other (17.2%)
    Not stated (9.4%)
  • Ancestry
    Iranian (72.6%)
    Other (13.7%)
    Armenian (4.2%)
    Assyrian (4.2%)
    Not stated (5.3%)
  • Language Spoken at Home
    Persian [excluding Dari] (71.1%)
    English (7.4%)
    Assyrian Neo-Aramaic (4.3%)
    Armenian (3.8%)
    Other (13.5%)
    Of those who speak a language other than English at home, 79.1% speak English fluently.
  • Diaspora
    New South Wales (44.9%)
    Victoria (21.6%)
    Western Australia (10.8%)
    Queensland (10.3%)
  • Arrival
    Prior to 2001 (46.1%)
    2001-2006 (17.2%)
    2007-2011 (30.1%)
Country https://dtbhzdanf36fd.cloudfront.net/countries/97/ir.svg Flag Country Iran