Indonesian Culture


  • Naming traditions differ depending on the region the person is from. For example, Balinese children are typically named according to the order they were born in (e.g. the eldest male is named “Wayan” and the second male child is usually “Made”).
  • It is common for Indonesians (especially the Javanese) to only have one name by which they are both formally and casually addressed.
  • The use of surnames can be uncommon. Sometimes people will invent a family name in order to mitigate issues when moving to or often visiting other countries.
  • It is common for a husband and wife to have different surnames. However, often women will adopt their husband’s surname but not to legally change it. Yet, sometimes men may take the wife’s surname.
  • Another common naming tradition is to have two or more names without adopting a family name (e.g. Joel Renaldi).
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  • Population
    [July 2016 est.]
  • Languages
    Bahasa Indonesia (official)
    Other local dialects (over 700 languages spoken in total)
  • Religions
    Islam (87.2%)
    Protestant Christianity (6.9%)
    Catholic Christianity (2.9%)
    Hinduism (1.7%)
    Other (0.9%)
    [2010 est.]
  • Ethnicities
    Javanese (40.1%)
    Sudanese (15.1%)
    Malay (3.7%)
    Batak (3.6%)
    Betawi (2.9%)
    Other (30.1%)
    [2010 est.]
  • Cultural Dimensions
  • Australians with Indonesian Ancestry
    65,886 [2016 census]
Indonesians in Australia
  • Population
    [2016 census]
    This figure refers to the number of Australian residents that were born in Indonesia.
  • Average Age
  • Gender
    Male (44.4%)
    Female (55.6%)
  • Religion
    Catholic Christianity (26.6%)
    Islam (19.4%)
    Buddhism (10.3%)
    No Religion (6.8%)
    Other (36.9%)
  • Ancestry
    Indonesian (44%)
    Chinese (39.3%)
    Dutch (5.4%)
    Other (9.1%)
  • Language Spoken at Home
    Indonesian (70.2%)
    English (16.3%)
    Mandarin (5.1%)
    Dutch (2.3%)
    Other (6%)
    Of those who speak a language other than English at home, 52.9% speak English fluently.
  • Diaspora
    New South Wales (42.5%)
    Victoria (24.4%)
    Western Australia (16.1%)
    Queensland (10.4%)
  • Arrival to Australia
    Prior to 2001 (48.7%)
    2001-2006 (21%)
    2007-2011 (26.1%)
Country Flag Country Indonesia