- In many parts of India and during formal occasions, it is common for people to greet with the traditional Hindu greeting of “Namaste” (‘I greet the divine within you’). This is accompanied with a nod of the head or a bow depending on the status of the person you are greeting.
- A common gesture when greeting is pressing the palms together with the fingertips facing upwards (i.e. in a prayer position). This greeting is sometimes accompanied with a slight bow.
- Verbal greetings vary between regions and also differ depending on people’s relationships. For example, a common Gujarati greeting is “Kem cho”, (‘How are you?’).
- Muslims may greet by shaking the hand of their counterpart accompanied by the phrase, “Salaam”.
- It is generally appropriate for men and women to shake hands. However, it is advisable to wait for a woman to extend her hand first. Some Muslim or Hindu men and women may not wish to touch a person of the opposite gender.
- Avoid greeting someone with a hug or a kiss unless you know the person well.
- Indians expect people to greet the eldest or most senior person first. When greeting elders, some Indians may reach down and touch the ground or the elder’s feet as a sign of respect.
- It is advisable to address people by their title (Mr, Mrs, etc.) and last name until they have indicated that you may move on to a first-name basis.
- It is common to add the gender-neutral honorific suffix ‘-ji’ onto a first name to show respect towards a person, a group or inanimate objects (for example, ‘Madhavji’).
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Population1,266,883,598[July 2016 est.]
LanguagesHindi (41.03%)Bengali (8.11%)Telugu (7.19%Marathi (6.99%)Tamil (5.91%)Urdu (5.01%)Gurjarati (4.48%)Kannada (3.69%)Malayalam (3.21%)Odia (3.21%)Punjabi (2.83%)Other (8%)[2001 census]
ReligionsHinduism (79.8%)Islam (14.2%)Christianity (2.3%)Sikhism (1.7%)Buddhism (0.7%)Jainism (0.37%)Other (0.66%)[2011 est.]
EthnicitiesAncestral North Indians [Indo-Aryan] (72%)Ancestral South Indians [Dravidian] (25%)Other (3%)[2000 est.]
Power Distance 77 Individualism 48 Masculinity 56 Uncertainty Avoidance 40 Long Term Orientation 51 Indulgence 26 What's this?
Australians with Indian Ancestry619,164 [2016 census]
Indians in Australia
Population455,389[2016 census]This figure refers to the number of Australian residents that were born in India.
GenderMale (55.6%)Female (44.4%)
ReligionHinduism (47.3%)Sikhism (18.7%)Catholic Christianity (16.3%)Islam (3.4%)Other (14.2%)
AncestryIndian (75.1%)English (7.35%)Punjabi (2.6%)Anglo-Indian (2.3%)Other (12.7%)
Language Spoken at HomeEnglish (21.3%)Hindi (20%)Punjabi (19.3%)Gujarati (8.8%)Other (30.6%)Of those who speak a language other than English at home, 93.3% speak English fluently.
DiasporaVictoria (37.8%)New South Wales (32.3%)Queensland (10.2%)Western Australia (10.1%)
Arrival to AustraliaPrior to 2001 (27.2%)2001-2006 (24.2%)2007-2011 (45.2%)
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