Indian Culture

Greetings

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  • Greetings in India vary from region to region as well as the relationship between those greeting each other. For example, a common Gujarati greeting is ‘kem cho’, (‘how are you?’).
  • On formal occasions, people may greet dignitaries or those of higher status with the phrase ‘Namaste’ (‘I greet the divine within you’). This is usually accompanied with a nod of the head or a bow depending on the status of the person you are greeting.
  • Those who identify as Muslim greet by shaking the hand of their counterpart accompanied by the phrase, 'Salaam'.
  • The handshake is also a common greeting and most Indians are familiar with it.
  • It is generally appropriate for men and women to shake hands; however, it is a good idea to wait for a woman to extend her hand first. Some Muslim or Hindu men and women may not wish to touch a person of the opposite gender.
  • Avoid greeting someone with a hug or a kiss unless you know the person well.
  • Indians expect people to greet the eldest or most senior person first. When greeting elders, some Indians may reach down and touch the ground or their feet as a sign of respect.
  • Address someone with his or her title and last name until told that you may use their first name.
India
  • Population
    1,266,883,598
    [July 2016 est.]
  • Languages
    Hindi (41.03%)
    Bengali (8.11%)
    Telugu (7.19%
    Marathi (6.99%)
    Tamil (5.91%)
    Urdu (5.01%)
    Gurjarati (4.48%)
    Kannada (3.69%)
    Malayalam (3.21%)
    Odia (3.21%)
    Punjabi (2.83%)
    Other (8%)
    [2001 census]
  • Religions
    Hinduism (79.8%)
    Islam (14.2%)
    Christianity (2.3%)
    Sikhism (1.7%)
    Buddhism (0.7%)
    Jainism (0.37%)
    Other (0.66%)
    [2011 est.]
  • Ethnicities
    Ancestral North Indians [Indo-Aryan] (72%)
    Ancestral South Indians [Dravidian] (25%)
    Other (3%)
    [2000 est.]
  • Cultural Dimensions
    Power Distance 77
    Individualism 48
    Masculinity 56
    Uncertainty Avoidance 40
    Long Term Orientation 51
    Indulgence 26
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  • Australians with Indian Ancestry
    619,164 [2016 census]
Indians in Australia
  • Population
    455,389
    [2016 census]
    This figure refers to the number of Australian residents that were born in India.
  • Average Age
    31
  • Gender
    Male (55.6%)
    Female (44.4%)
  • Religion
    Hinduism (47.3%)
    Sikhism (18.7%)
    Catholic Christianity (16.3%)
    Islam (3.4%)
    Other (14.2%)
  • Ancestry
    Indian (75.1%)
    English (7.35%)
    Punjabi (2.6%)
    Anglo-Indian (2.3%)
    Other (12.7%)
  • Language Spoken at Home
    English (21.3%)
    Hindi (20%)
    Punjabi (19.3%)
    Gujarati (8.8%)
    Other (30.6%)
    Of those who speak a language other than English at home, 93.3% speak English fluently.
  • Diaspora
    Victoria (37.8%)
    New South Wales (32.3%)
    Queensland (10.2%)
    Western Australia (10.1%)
  • Arrival to Australia
    Prior to 2001 (27.2%)
    2001-2006 (24.2%)
    2007-2011 (45.2%)
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