Indian Culture

Dates of Significance

General Dates of Significance

  • Pongal Festival (Varies each year, generally in mid-January)
  • Republic Day (26th of January)
  • Guru Ravidas’ Birthday (Varies each year, usually late January to early February)
  • Dr B.R. Ambedkar's Birthday (14th of April)
  • Guru Rabindranath’s Birthday (9th of May)
  • Independence Day (15th of August)
  • Mahatma Gandhi’s Birthday (2nd of October)
  • Maharishi Valmiki’s Birthday (October)
  • Diwali (October or November)


Religious Dates of Significance

Most religious festivals and dates of significance are based on the lunar, solar or lunisolar calendar. The following provides the approximate month the event occurs.


Hindu

  • Makar Sankranti (January)
  • Vasant Panchami (January or February)
  • Saraswati’s Birthday (February)
  • Shiva’s Birthday (February)
  • Holi (March)
  • Maha Shivaratri (February or March)
  • Rama Navami (March or April)
  • Chariot Festival (July)
  • Guru Purnima (July or August)
  • Raksha Bandhan (August)
  • Thiru Onam Day (August or September)
  • Krishna Janmashtami (August or September)
  • Ganesh Chaturthi (August or September)
  • Dussehra (September or October)
  • Karaka Chaturthi (October or November)
  • Govardhan Puja (October or November)
  • Bhai Dooj (October or November)
  • Chhath Puja (October or November)


Muslim

  • Hazarat Ali’s Birthday (March or April)
  • Ramazan (Ramadan) (May or June)
  • Jamat-ul-Vida (May or June)
  • Idu’l Fitr (May or June)
  • Id-ul-Zuha (August)
  • Muharram (September)
  • Prophet Muhammad's Birthday (November)


Other Religions

  • Guru Gobind Singh’s Birthday [Sikh] (January)
  • Mahavir’s Birthday [Jain] (March or April)
  • Good Friday [Christian] (March or April)
  • Easter [Christian] (March or April)
  • Vaisakhi [Sikh] (April)
  • Buddha’s Birthday [Buddhist] (April or May)
  • Paryushana [Jain] (August or September)
  • Guru Nanak’s Birthday [Sikh] (November)
  • Guru Tegh Bahadur’s Martyrdom Day (24th of November)
  • Christmas [Christian] (25th of December)
Download this Cultural Profile

Too busy to read it right now?

You can download this cultural profile in an easy-to-read PDF format that can be printed out and accessed at any time.

India
  • Population
    1,266,883,598
    [July 2016 est.]
  • Languages
    Hindi (41.03%)
    Bengali (8.11%)
    Telugu (7.19%
    Marathi (6.99%)
    Tamil (5.91%)
    Urdu (5.01%)
    Gurjarati (4.48%)
    Kannada (3.69%)
    Malayalam (3.21%)
    Odia (3.21%)
    Punjabi (2.83%)
    Other (8%)
    [2001 census]
  • Religions
    Hinduism (79.8%)
    Islam (14.2%)
    Christianity (2.3%)
    Sikhism (1.7%)
    Buddhism (0.7%)
    Jainism (0.37%)
    Other (0.66%)
    [2011 est.]
  • Ethnicities
    Ancestral North Indians [Indo-Aryan] (72%)
    Ancestral South Indians [Dravidian] (25%)
    Other (3%)
    [2000 est.]
  • Cultural Dimensions
    77
    48
    56
    40
    51
    26
  • Australians with Indian Ancestry
    619,164 [2016 census]
Indians in Australia
  • Population
    455,389
    [2016 census]
    This figure refers to the number of Australian residents that were born in India.
  • Average Age
    31
  • Gender
    Male (55.6%)
    Female (44.4%)
  • Religion
    Hinduism (47.3%)
    Sikhism (18.7%)
    Catholic Christianity (16.3%)
    Islam (3.4%)
    Other (14.2%)
  • Ancestry
    Indian (75.1%)
    English (7.35%)
    Punjabi (2.6%)
    Anglo-Indian (2.3%)
    Other (12.7%)
  • Language Spoken at Home
    English (21.3%)
    Hindi (20%)
    Punjabi (19.3%)
    Gujarati (8.8%)
    Other (30.6%)
    Of those who speak a language other than English at home, 93.3% speak English fluently.
  • Diaspora
    Victoria (37.8%)
    New South Wales (32.3%)
    Queensland (10.2%)
    Western Australia (10.1%)
  • Arrival to Australia
    Prior to 2001 (27.2%)
    2001-2006 (24.2%)
    2007-2011 (45.2%)
Country https://dtbhzdanf36fd.cloudfront.net/countries/82/in.svg Flag Country India