German Culture


  • Greetings generally differ in formality depending on whether a German knows the other person well or not. 
  • The most common greeting is a handshake with direct eye contact.
  • Men usually greet women first and wait for them to extend their hand.
  • Close friends may hug to greet and younger people may kiss one another on the cheek. 
  • "Guten Tag" (Good day) or “Hallo” (Hello) are the most common verbal greetings used in Germany. In the South, some people may say “Grüß Gott” (literally translating as ‘Greet God’).
  • In formal situations, one should address another person with their title and last name, “Herr” (Mr.) for men and “Frau” (Mrs.) for women. It is polite to continue to use formal titles until the person invites you to move on to a first-name basis.
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  • Population
    [July 2017 est.]
  • Languages
    Deutsch (German) [official]
  • Religions
    No Religion (33.0%)
    Roman Catholic Christianity (31.2%)
    Evangelical/Protestant Christianity (30.8%)
    Orthodox Christianity (1.3%)
    Other (3.7%)
    [2011 census]
  • Ethnicities
    German (81.3%)
    Turkish (3.4%)
    Polish (2.3%)
    Arab (1.8%)
    Russian (1.5%)
    Other (9.7%)
    [Federal Statistical Office, 2017]
  • Cultural Dimensions
    Power Distance 35
    Individualism 67
    Masculinity 66
    Uncertainty Avoidance 65
    Long Term Orientation 83
    Indulgence 40
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  • Australians with German Ancestry
    982,226 [2016 census]
Germans in Australia
  • Population
    [2016 census]
    This figure refers to the number of Australian residents that were born in Germany.
  • Average Age
  • Gender
    Males (48.5%)
    Females (52.5%)
  • Religion
    Catholic Christianity (28.2%)
    Lutheran Christianity (24.3%)
    No Religion (23.2%)
    Other (18.8%)
  • Ancestry
    German (70.9%)
    Polish (6.9%)
    English (4.2%)
    Ukrainian (2.3%)
    Other (15.7%)
  • Language Spoken at Home
    English (52.7%)
    German (39.8%)
    Polish (1.6%)
    Other (4.9%)
    Of those who speak a language other than English at home, 95.7% speak English fluently.
  • Diaspora
    New South Wales (28.8%)
    Victoria (25.9%)
    Queensland (19.5%)
    South Australia (10.6%)
  • Arrival to Australia
    Prior to 2001 (80.6%)
    2001-2006 (7.1%)
    2007-2011 (8.5%)
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