German Culture

Dates of Significance

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The following days are public holidays or dates of significance in Germany:

  • New Year’s Day – Neujahrstag (1st of January)
  • Day of Remembrance of the Victims of National Socialism (27th of January)
  • Valentine’s Day – Valentinstag  (14th of February)
  • Rose Monday/Shrove Monday – Rosenmontag (Monday before Ash Wednesday)
  • Carnival – Fastnacht/Fasching/Fasenach (Day after Rose Monday)
  • Ash Wednesday/End of Carnival – Aschermittwoch/End of Karneval (Varies each year)
  • Walpurgis Night (30th of April)
  • May Day/Labour Day – Tag der Arbeit (1st of May)
  • Father’s Day – Vatertag/Männertag (Varies of year)
  • Mother’s Day – Muttertag (Varies of year)
  • German Unity Day – Tag der Deutschen Einheit (3rd of October)
  • Remembrance Day – Volkstrauertag (Two Sundays before the 1st Advent)
  • New Year’s Eve – Sylvester/Silvester (31st of December)


The following dates are Christian holidays or observances in Germany:

  • Epiphany – Heilige Drei Könige (6th of January)
  • Easter – Ostern (Varies each year)
    • Maundy Thursday/Holy Thursday –Gründonnerstag 
    • Good Friday – Karfreitag 
    • Easter Sunday – Ostersonntag 
    • Easter Monday – Ostermontag
  • Ascension – Christi Himmelfahrt (Varies each year)
  • Pentecost – Pfingsten (Pfingstsonntag) (Varies each year)
  • Whit Monday – Pfingsten (Pfingstmontag) (Varies each year)
  • Corpus Christi – Fronleichnam (Varies each year)
  • Assumption of Mary – Maria Himmelfahrt (Varies each year)
  • Harvest Festival – Erntedankfest (1st Sunday in October)
  • Reformation Day – Reformationstag (31st of October)
  • All Saints Day – Allerheiligen (1st of November)
  • All Souls’ Day – Allerseelen (2nd of November)
  • St. Martin’s Day (11th of November)
  • Immaculate Conception – Maria Empfängnis (2nd Saturday before the 2nd Advent)
  • Sunday of the Dead –Totensonntag (Sunday before the 1st Advent)
  • 1st Advent (1st Sunday in December)
  • St. Nicholas Day – Nikolaus (6th of December)
  • 2nd Advent (2nd Sunday in December)
  • 3rd Advent (3rd Sunday in December)
  • 4th Advent (4th Sunday in December)
  • Christmas Eve – Heiliger Abend/Heiligabend (24th of December)
  • Christmas Day – Weihnachtstag (25th of December)
  • St. Stephen’s Day/Boxing Day – Zweiter Weihnachtstag (26th of December)
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Germany
  • Population
    80,594,017
    [July 2017 est.]
  • Languages
    Deutsch (German) [official]
  • Religions
    No Religion (33.0%)
    Roman Catholic Christianity (31.2%)
    Evangelical/Protestant Christianity (30.8%)
    Orthodox Christianity (1.3%)
    Other (3.7%)
    [2011 census]
  • Ethnicities
    German (81.3%)
    Turkish (3.4%)
    Polish (2.3%)
    Arab (1.8%)
    Russian (1.5%)
    Other (9.7%)
    [Federal Statistical Office, 2017]
  • Cultural Dimensions
    Power Distance 35
    Individualism 67
    Masculinity 66
    Uncertainty Avoidance 65
    Long Term Orientation 83
    Indulgence 40
    What's this?
  • Australians with German Ancestry
    982,226 [2016 census]
Germans in Australia
  • Population
    102,595
    [2016 census]
    This figure refers to the number of Australian residents that were born in Germany.
  • Average Age
    62
  • Gender
    Males (48.5%)
    Females (52.5%)
  • Religion
    Catholic Christianity (28.2%)
    Lutheran Christianity (24.3%)
    No Religion (23.2%)
    Other (18.8%)
  • Ancestry
    German (70.9%)
    Polish (6.9%)
    English (4.2%)
    Ukrainian (2.3%)
    Other (15.7%)
  • Language Spoken at Home
    English (52.7%)
    German (39.8%)
    Polish (1.6%)
    Other (4.9%)
    Of those who speak a language other than English at home, 95.7% speak English fluently.
  • Diaspora
    New South Wales (28.8%)
    Victoria (25.9%)
    Queensland (19.5%)
    South Australia (10.6%)
  • Arrival to Australia
    Prior to 2001 (80.6%)
    2001-2006 (7.1%)
    2007-2011 (8.5%)
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