Filipino Culture


  • The Spanish heritage of the Philippines continues to influence the Filipino naming conventions.
  • The typical naming format is for someone to acquire their mother’s maiden name as a middle name, whilst their father’s surname is adopted as their surname (e.g. Maria CRUZ SANTOS). Sometimes the Spanish format of adding a ‘y’ (‘and’) is practiced in formal events (e.g. Maria CRUZ y SANTOS).
  • It is also common for someone to have more than one first name.
  • Many names in the Philippines are Spanish translations of Catholic saints (such as Miguel for Michael).
  • It is also common for sons to adopt their father’s name, thus acquiring the suffix of Junior (Jr.).
  • Women tend to adopt their husband’s surname, but it not uncommon for a woman to hyphenate their maiden name with their husband’s surname.
  • It is common for someone to have a nickname that is often a repeat of a syllable from that person’s name (e.g. ‘Mon-Mon’ as the nickname for ‘Ramon’). However, this is reserved for people who are close to the person, such as family and friends.
  • Another common way to gain a nickname is by the use of diminutive forms of words that describe physical characteristics. Such nicknames may be given to someone when they are young and will last with them throughout their life. These nicknames are used by friends and family to express endearment, rather than as an insult.
  • If meeting someone for the first time, use the appropriate title along with their whole surname.
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The Philippines
  • Population
    [July 2016 est.]
  • Languages
    Filipino (official)
    English (official)
    Zamboangueño Chavacano
  • Religions
    Catholic Christianity (82.9%)
    Islam (5%)
    Evangelical Christianity (2.8%)
    Other (9.2%)
    No Religion (0.1%)
    [2000 census]
  • Ethnicities
    Tagalog (28.1%)
    Cebuano (13.1%)
    Ilocano (9%)
    Bisaya/Binisaya (7.6%)
    Other (42.2%)
    [2000 census]
  • Cultural Dimensions
  • Australians with Filipino Ancestry
    304,015 [2016 census]
Filipinos in Australia
  • Population
    [2016 census]
    This figure refers to the number of Australian residents that were born in the Philippines.
  • Average Age
  • Gender
    Female (62.3%)
    Male (37.7%)
  • Religion
    Catholic Christianity (78.6%)
    Christianity [nfd] (3.5%)
    Pentecostal Christianity (2.7%)
    Baptist Christianity (2.6%)
    Other (12.5%)
  • Ancestry
    Filipino (83.1%)
    Spanish (4.7%)
    Chinese (3.3%)
    Other (7.0%)
  • Language Spoken at Home
    Tagalog (42.9%)
    Filipino (29.5%)
    English (22.6%)
    Bisaya (1.2%)
    Other (3.8%)
    Of those who speak a language other than English at home, 95.5% speak English fluently.
  • Diaspora
    New South Wales (41.1%)
    Victoria (22.2%)
    Queensland (17.2%)
    Western Australia (10.1%)
  • Arrival in Australia
    Prior to 2001 (54%)
    2001-2006 (15.7%)
    2007-2011 (26.8%)
Country Flag Country Philippines