Filipino Culture

Naming

  • The Spanish heritage of the Philippines continues to influence the Filipino naming conventions.
  • The typical naming format is for someone to acquire their mother’s maiden name as a middle name, whilst their father’s surname is adopted as their surname (e.g. Maria CRUZ SANTOS). Sometimes the Spanish format of adding a ‘y’ (‘and’) is practiced in formal events (e.g. Maria CRUZ y SANTOS).
  • It is also common for someone to have more than one first name.
  • Many names in the Philippines are Spanish translations of Catholic saints (such as Miguel for Michael).
  • It is also common for sons to adopt their father’s name, thus acquiring the suffix of Junior (Jr.).
  • Women tend to adopt their husband’s surname, but it not uncommon for a woman to hyphenate their maiden name with their husband’s surname.
  • It is common for someone to have a nickname that is often a repeat of a syllable from that person’s name (e.g. ‘Mon-Mon’ as the nickname for ‘Ramon’). However, this is reserved for people who are close to the person, such as family and friends.
  • Another common way to gain a nickname is by the use of diminutive forms of words that describe physical characteristics. Such nicknames may be given to someone when they are young and will last with them throughout their life. These nicknames are used by friends and family to express endearment, rather than as an insult.
  • If meeting someone for the first time, use the appropriate title along with their whole surname.
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The Philippines
  • Population
    102,624,209
    [July 2016 est.]
  • Language
    Tagalog
    Filipino (official)
    English (official)
    Bisaya
    Ilokano
    Zamboangueño Chavacano
  • Religion
    Catholic Christianity (82.9%)
    Islam (5%)
    Evangelical Christianity (2.8%)
    Other (9.2%)
    No Religion (0.1%)
    [Census, 2000]
  • Ethnicity
    Tagalog (28.1%)
    Cebuano (13.1%)
    Ilocano (9%)
    Bisaya/Binisaya (7.6%)
    Other (42.2%)
    [Census, 2000]
  • Cultural Dimensions
    94
    32
    64
    44
    27
    42
  • Australians with Filipino Ancestry
    304,015 [Census, 2016]
Filipinos in Australia
  • Population
    232,386
    [Census, 2016]
    This figure refers to the number of Australian residents that were born in the Philippines.
  • Median Age
    39 [Census, 2016]
  • Gender
    Male (38.7%)
    Female (61.3%)
    [Census, 2016]
  • Religion
    Catholic Christianity (75.1%)
    Christianity [not defined] (4.5%)
    Pentecostal Christianity (3.0%)
    Other Protestant (2.7%)
    Other Religion (8.4%)
    No Religion (3.6%)
    Not Stated (2.5%)
    [Census, 2016]
  • Ancestry
    Filipino (79.3%)
    Spanish (7.0%)
    Chinese (4.6%)
    English (2.0%)
    Other Ancestry (7.1%)
    [Census, 2016]
  • Language Spoken at Home
    Tagalog (43.6%)
    Filipino (28.3%)
    English (22.3%)
    Bisaya (1.6%)
    Other Languages (3.5%)
    Of those who speak a language other than English at home, 96.3% speak English fluently.
    [Census, 2016]
  • Diaspora
    New South Wales (37.3%)
    Victoria (22.1%)
    Queensland (17.1%)
    Western Australia (13.3%)
    Other (10.4%)
    [Census, 2016]
  • Arrival in Australia
    Prior to 2007 (51.1%)
    2007 - 2011 (22.7%)
    2012 - 2016 (23.3%)
    [Census, 2016]
Country https://dtbhzdanf36fd.cloudfront.net/countries/246/ph.svg Flag Country Philippines