Fijian Culture


Naming customs in Fiji vary between ethnic groups. They have also been largely influenced by Western practices. Therefore, traditional indigenous and Indo-Fijian names are often adapted to suit Western standards.

Traditional Fijian Names
  • For most Fijians, the two names they have are both given names. One is often a Christian name while the other is traditional (e.g. Chris Apenisa).
  • Surnames are not a traditional practice in Fijian culture but have been adopted with the Western influence. It is common to make one’s traditional name their last name.

Traditional Indian Names
  • Many Indian names do not include a surname. The initial of the father’s name is placed before their first name (e.g. N. Kumar). When addressed formally, the name is written as ‘s/o N. Kumar’. ‘S/o’ means ‘son of’, while ‘d/o’ is used for females and means ‘daughter of’.
  • Sometimes when women marry, they omit their father’s initial and adopt their husband’s first name as their surname (e.g. Nita KUMAR). However, it is also common for women to adopt their husband’s family name (e.g. Nita VASANI).
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  • Population
    [July 2016 est.]
  • Languages
    English (official)
    Fijian (official)
    Fiji Hindi (official)
  • Religions
    Protestant Christianity (45%)
    Hindiusm (27.9%)
    Other Christianity (10.4%)
    Catholic Christianity (9.1%)
    Islam (6.3%)
    Other (1.4%)
    [2007 est.]
  • Ethnicities
    iTaukei (56.8%)
    Indian (37.5%)
    Rotuman (1.2%)
    Other (4.5%)
    [2007 est.]
  • Cultural Dimensions
  • Australians with Fijian Ancestry
    50,509 [2016 census]
Fijians in Australia
  • Population
    [2016 census]
    This figure refers to the number of Australian residents that were born in Fiji.
  • Average Age
  • Gender
    Male (53.7%)
    Female (46.3%)
  • Religion
    Hinduism (46.5%)
    Islam (12.6%)
    Catholic Christianity (9.1%)
    Uniting Church Christianity (7%)
    No Religion (5%)
    Other (24.9%)
  • Ancestry
    Indian (39.4%)
    Fijian (20.1%)
    Fijian Indian (17.6%)
    English (4.9%)
    Other (18%)
  • Languages Spoken at Home
    Hindi (56.9%)
    English (23.2%)
    Fijian (9.7%)
    Southern Asian Languages (2.3%)
    Other (7.9%)
    Of those who speak a language other than English at home, 94.9% speak English fluently.
  • Diaspora
    Queensland (39.7%)
    New South Wales (23.6%)
    Victoria (16.6%)
    Western Australia (14.6%)
  • Arrival to Australia
    Prior to 2001 (66.3%)
    2001-2006 (16.6%)
    2007-2011 (13.4%)
Country Flag Country Fiji