Fijian Culture

Fijians in Australia

Fijians started arriving in Australia in the late 1800s. Through this time and the first half of the 20th century, most migrant to arrive from Fiji had European heritage. They were generally the children of British missionary families. Migration increased substantially after Fiji gained independence from the British in 1970. Through this time, Fijians of other ethnic backgrounds started arriving as well. Many people became were enticed by Australia’s economic and employment opportunities. In the late 1980s, migration peaked as many Indo-Fijians left Fiji surrounding military coups and suppression of their political representation. From 1991 onwards, Fijian migration reduced but remained consistent.

The Fijian community in Australia consists of many different ethnic, religious and cultural groups. However, most Fiji-born people in Australia are Indo-Fijians. In the 2011 census, 57% reported either ‘Indian’ or ‘Fijian-Indian’ ancestry, while only 20% reported indigenous ‘Fijian’ ancestry. As such, the majority of the Fijian-born population in Australia speak Hindi and practice Hinduism or Islam. 

The 2011 Australian Census recorded Hinduism (46.5%) as the most common religion among the Fiji-born living in Australia. This is likely due to the larger proportion of Indo-Fijians migrating as opposed to the other ethnic 'groups'; 12.6% of the Fiji-born population were also Muslim, 9.1% were Catholic Christians and 7% were Uniting Church Christians. Roughly 25% gave a different answer.
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  • Population
    [July 2016 est.]
  • Languages
    English (official)
    Fijian (official)
    Fiji Hindi (official)
  • Religions
    Protestant Christianity (45%)
    Hindiusm (27.9%)
    Other Christianity (10.4%)
    Catholic Christianity (9.1%)
    Islam (6.3%)
    Other (1.4%)
    [2007 est.]
  • Ethnicities
    iTaukei (56.8%)
    Indian (37.5%)
    Rotuman (1.2%)
    Other (4.5%)
    [2007 est.]
  • Cultural Dimensions
  • Australians with Fijian Ancestry
    50,509 [2016 census]
Fijians in Australia
  • Population
    [2016 census]
    This figure refers to the number of Australian residents that were born in Fiji.
  • Average Age
  • Gender
    Male (53.7%)
    Female (46.3%)
  • Religion
    Hinduism (46.5%)
    Islam (12.6%)
    Catholic Christianity (9.1%)
    Uniting Church Christianity (7%)
    No Religion (5%)
    Other (24.9%)
  • Ancestry
    Indian (39.4%)
    Fijian (20.1%)
    Fijian Indian (17.6%)
    English (4.9%)
    Other (18%)
  • Languages Spoken at Home
    Hindi (56.9%)
    English (23.2%)
    Fijian (9.7%)
    Southern Asian Languages (2.3%)
    Other (7.9%)
    Of those who speak a language other than English at home, 94.9% speak English fluently.
  • Diaspora
    Queensland (39.7%)
    New South Wales (23.6%)
    Victoria (16.6%)
    Western Australia (14.6%)
  • Arrival to Australia
    Prior to 2001 (66.3%)
    2001-2006 (16.6%)
    2007-2011 (13.4%)
Country Flag Country Fiji