Ethiopian Culture


The primary author of this profile was Nina Evason (2018).


  • Abbink, J. (2014). Religious freedom and the political order: the Ethiopian ‘ state’ and the containment of Muslim identity politics. Journal of Eastern African Studies 8(3): 346-365.
  • Abebe, T. (2008). The Ethiopian ”Family Collective” and Child Agency. Barn, 3: 89-108. Retrieved from
  • Alebachew, H. (2014). The Developmental State and Secularism’ in Ethiopia’s Context. Retrieved from
  • Arthur, A. (2016). Africa’s naming traditions: Nine ways to name your child. Retrieved from
  • Ashall, F. (2013). What is Yilugnta (ይሉኝታ)? Ethiopians know the answer. Retrieved from
  • Austin, J. (2016). Business Etiquette in Ethiopia: 10 Tips For Travellers. Retrieved from
  • BBC. (2018). Ten things we have learnt about Africa. Retrieved from
  • BBC. (2016). Why is the Ethiopian diaspora so influential?. Retrieved from
  • Bewal, R. & Tafesse, Y. (2010). A study of the impact of Christians’ fasting on demand for biscuits in Ethiopia. African Journal of Marketing Management, 2(1): 010-017.
  • Briggs, P. & Blatt, B. (2009). Ethiopia. United Kingdom: Bradt Travel Guides.
  • Burke, J. (2018). Ethiopia hails its charismatic young leader as a peacemaker. Retrieved from
  • Central Intelligence Agency. (2018). The World Factbook: Ethiopia. Retrieved from
  • Commisceo Global Consultancy. (2017). Ethiopia Guide. Retrieved from
  • Crivello, G. & van der Gaag, N. (2016). Between Hope and a Hard Place: Boys and Young Me Negotiating Gender, Poverty and Social Worth in Ethiopia. London, UK: Young Lives. Retrieved from
  • Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade. (2017). DFAT Country information Report Ethiopia. Retrieved from
  • Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade. (2018). Ethiopia. Retrieved from
  • Department of Home Affairs. (2017). Australia’s offshore Humanitarian Program: 2016–17. Retrieved from 
  • Department of Home Affairs. (2019). Ethiopia-born: Community Information Summary. Retrieved from
  • eCald. (2015). Ethiopian and Eritrean Cultures. Retrieved from
  • Ethnipedia Wiki. (2013). Habesha people. Retrieved from
  • Ethnomed. (2008). Ethiopian Cultural Profile. Retrieved from
  • Freedom Thought Report. (2013). Ethiopia. Retrieved from
  • Girls Not Brides. (2018). Ethiopia. Retrieved from 
  • Giorgis, H. (2018). Abiy Ahmed Meets the Ethiopian Diaspora. Retrieved from
  • Global Affairs Canada. (2014). Cultural Information – Ethiopia. Retrieved from
  • Gow, G. (2001). Ethiopians. In J. Jupp (Ed), The Australian People: An Encyclopedia of the Nation, it’s People and Their Origins (pp. 348-348). Port Melbourne Australia: Cambridge University Press.
  • Hassen, R. (2016). Culture-Specific Semiotic in the Society of Ethiopia. Art and Social Sciences Journal, 7(1): 168.
  • Howard, S. (2009). Ethiopia – Culture Smart!: The Essential Guide to Customs and Culture. United Kingdom: Kuperard.
  • IMA. (2018). Doing Business in Ethiopia. Retrieved from,-language-culture/
  • Institute for Cross Cultural Management. (2014). Building effective business relationship in Ethiopia: A cross-cultural perspective. Retrieved from
  • Jakubowicz, A. (2010). Australia’s migration policies: African dimensions. Retrieved from
  • Karle, C. S. (2017). Fasting among Orthodox Christians in Ethiopia: The symbolic and nutritional significance of the fast for reproductive women. Retrieved from
  • Khalidi, S., McIlroy, F. & Neumayer, H. (2012). The Cultural Dictionary and Directory. Australian Capital Territory: Migrant and Refugee Settlement Services ACT.
  • Kuschminder, K & Siegel, M. (2014). Migration & Development: A World in Motion Ethiopia Country Report. Netherlands: Maastricht University.
  • Lewis, P., Simons, G. & Fennig, C. (2016). Ethnologue: Languages of the World, Nineteenth edition. Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved from
  • March, J. (2018). Why Ethiopians believe their new prime minister is a prophet. Retrieved from 
  • Marcus, H. G., Crummey, D. E. & Mehretu, A. (2018). Ethiopia. Retrieved from
  • Markus, A. (2015). Australian Today: The Australia@2015 Scanlon Foundation Survey. Retrieved from 
  • Mergia, A. (2005). Black African Immigrants in Australia: An exploratory analysis of the impacts of race and class on their lived experiences and adaptation processes. (Doctoral dissertation, The University of Melbourne).
  • Minority Rights Group International. (2018). Ethiopia. Retrieved from
  • Mortada, D. (2015). If you have a meeting in Ethiopia, you’d better double check the time. Retrieved from
  • Nyang, M. (2009). The difference between being an Ethiopian and being Habesha. Retrieved from,30208
  • Østebø, T. & Shemsedin, W. (2015). The Intellectualist movement in Ethiopia, the Muslim Brotherhood and the issue of moderation. Norway: Norwegian Peacebuilding Resource Centre. Retrieved from
  • Peralta, E. (2018). 'I Am Calling Randomly To Say Hi': Eritreans, Ethiopians Phone Each Other Amid Thaw. Retrieved from
  • Pew Research Center. (2017). Ethiopia is an outlier in the Orthodox Christian world. Retrieved from
  • Pew Research Center. (2017). Orthodox Christians are highly religious in Ethiopia, much less so in former Soviet Union. Retrieved from
  • Pew Research Center. (2010). Tolerance and Tension: Islam and Christianity in Sub-Saharan Africa. Retrieved from
  • Pew Research Centre. (2007). World Public Welcome Global Trade -  But Not Immigration. Retrieved from 
  • ProQuest. (2017). Culture Grams: Ethiopia. Michigan, USA: ProQuest.
  • Queensland Health Services. (2011). Ethiopian Australians. Retrieved from
  • Revis, M. S. (2015). Family Language Policies of Refugees: Ethiopians and Colombians in New Zealand. (Doctoral dissertation, Victoria University of Wellington).
  • Riggan, J. (2011). In Between Nations: Ethiopian‐Born Eritreans, Liminality, and War. PoLAR: Political and Legal Anthropology Review, 34(1): 131-154. 
  • Rough Guides. (2018). Culture and Etiquette. Retrieved from
  • Scourfield, S. (2014). Greeting with meaning in Ethiopia. Retrieved from
  • Seleshe, S., Jo, C. & Lee, M. (2014). Meat Consumption Culture in Ethiopia. Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources, 34(1): 7-13.
  • Smith, L. (2010). Negotiation Practices and Etiquette in Ethiopia. Retrieved from
  • Spieker, M. (2017). Migrants’ experiences and stories: A gender analysis of urban poverty among young rural-urban migrants in Addis Ababa. Utrecht, Netherlands: Utrecht University.
  • Stranger, Y. (2012). Yelunta ይሉኝታ. Retrieved from
  • Taye, T. (2018). Yilugnta. Retrieved from
  • US Commission on International Religious Freedom. (2017). Ethiopia: Annual Report. Retrieved from
  • US Department of State. (2007). Ethiopia Religious Freedoms Report. Retrieved from
  • Wole, D. (2018). Yilugnta and other Predictors of Class Participation and Achievement in Selected Courses at Addis Ababa University. The International Journal of Educational Researchers 9(1): 18-31.
  • Yehulum Ethiopian Community. (2018). Brief history of Ethiopians in Australia. Retrieved from

Want this profile as a PDF?

Get a downloadable, printable version that you can read later.


A unified, searchable interface answering your questions on the world’s cultures and religions

Sign up for free