Dutch Culture



Many Dutch pride themselves on having a religiously tolerant society. The diversity of religions is accepted and evident throughout the country through the various places of worship. In the Netherlands, 28% of the population identify as Roman Catholic, 19% identify as Protestant, and 11% identify with some other religion. Nearly half of the population (42%) does not identify with any religion (CIA World Factbook, 2009).

Secularisation in the Netherlands

During the 1960s and 1970s, ‘pillarization’ began to decline (see ‘Pillarization and Social Stratification’ in Core Concepts). This sparked the rapid secularisation of the Netherlands. Today, religion continues to play a decreasing role in people’s social and cultural lives. In Dutch society, atheism is acknowledged and accepted. Indeed, just under half of the population (42%) do not identify with any religion. In a 2014 survey conducted by the Gallup Poll, 75.5% of the Dutch population agreed that religion was not important for their daily lives.

While religion may be playing a decreasing role in the lives of many Dutch, spirituality continues to be respected. The term ‘ietsisme’ (“somethingism”) refers to a sense of spirituality or ‘faith without religion’. Those who identify with ietsisme believe that there may be some greater being or force beyond the world while not subscribing to an established belief system.

Moreover, some religions like Islam continue to grow. The majority of the Muslim population in the Netherlands reside in and around the Randstad and tend to be migrants from the Middle East and North Africa. Thus, it seems that religion remains a significant cultural force. In turn, some argue that the Dutch society is undergoing a transformation rather than a secularisation.

Christianity in the Netherlands

Christianity has had a longstanding presence in the Netherlands. Today, it is on the decline, and many who identify as Christian do not regularly attend church. For some, Christianity is used in the way of cultural identification rather than as a religious identity. Despite the decrease of religion in the lives of many Dutch, religion continues to play a major role in the small rural communities located in the Dutch Bible Belt. Moreover, nearly a fifth of the total population (19%) identify with Catholicism, making it the most common Christian denomination to date.

The Netherlands
  • Population
    [July 2016 est.]
  • Languages
    Dutch (official)
  • Religions
    No Religion (46.9%)
    Catholic Christianity (26.3%)
    Protestant Christianity (16.1%)
    Other Christianity (11%)
    Islam (4.8%)
    Other (1.2%)
    [2013 est.]
  • Ethnicities
    Dutch (78.6%)
    Other European (5.8%)
    Turkish (2.4%)
    Indonesian (2.2%)
    Moroccan (2.2%)
    Surinamese (2.1%)
    Other (6.7%)
    [2014 est.]
  • Cultural Dimensions
    Power Distance 38
    Individualism 80
    Masculinity 14
    Uncertainty Avoidance 53
    Long Term Orientation 67
    Indulgence 68
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  • Australians with Dutch Ancestry
    336,549 [2016 census]
Dutch in Australia
  • Population
    [2016 census]
    This figure refers to the number of Australian residents that were born in the Netherlands.
  • Average Age
  • Gender
    Male (50.9%)
    Female (49.1%%)
  • Religion
    Catholic Christianity (32.7%)
    No Religion (31.1%)
    Presbyterian and Reformed Christianity (9.2%)
    Other (21.5%)
  • Ancestry
    Dutch (89.3%)
    English (1.7%)
    German (1.6%)
    Other (5.7%)
  • Language Spoken at Home
    English (63.7%)
    Dutch (33.9%)
    German (0.3%)
    Other (1.2%)
    Of those who speak a language other than English at home, 95.5% speak English fluently.
  • Diaspora
    Victoria (28.4%)
    New South Wales (24%)
    Queensland (19.7%)
    Western Australia (13.1%)
  • Arrival to Australia
    Prior to 2001 (87.2%)
    2001-2006 (4.5%)
    2007-2011 (5%)
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