Chilean Culture

Naming

  • In Chilean culture, it is typical for people to trace their ancestry back through the paternal lines of both their mother and father. This is reflected in their name, as they usually have two surnames (e.g. Maria SILVA VARGAS). The father’s family name appears first, which is followed by the mother’s family name.
  • Wives generally do not adopt their husband’s surname upon marriage. Some women in social settings may use the marital conjunction ‘de’ (e.g. Maria SILVA de ORTIZ). This format is becoming less common.
  • Among friends and family, Chileans often use nicknames to refer to one another. Commonly, Chileans will create nicknames based on an easily noticeable personal characteristic or as a shorter form of one’s first name. For example, one’s nickname might be ‘el gordito’ (‘the fat one’) or ‘Pato’ (a shorter form of ‘Patricio’).
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Chile
  • Population
    17,650,114
    [July 2016 est.]
  • Language
    Spanish (official) (99.5%)
    English (10.2%)
    Indigenous (1.0%)
    Other (2.3%)
    Unspecified (0.2%)
    [2012 est.]
    Note: Percentages add up to more than 100% because respondents were allowed to specify more than one language.
  • Religion
    Roman Catholic Christianity (66.7%)
    Evangelical or Protestant Christianity (16.4%)
    Jehovah's Witness (1.0%)
    Other (3.4%)
    None (11.5%)
    Unspecified (1.1%)
    [2012 est.]
  • Ethnicity
    White and Non-Indigenous (88.9%)
    Mapuche (9.1%)
    Aymara (0.7%)
    Other Indigenous Groups (1.0%)
    Unspecified (0.3%)
    [2012 est.]
  • Cultural Dimensions
    63
    23
    28
    86
    31
    68
  • Australians with Chilean Ancestry
    34,233 [Census, 2016]
Chileans in Australia
  • Population
    26,086
    [Census, 2016]
    This figure refers to the number of Australian residents that were born in Chile.
  • Median Age
    51
    [Census, 2016]
  • Gender
    Female (52.1%)
    Male (47.9%)
    [Census, 2016]
  • Religion
    Catholic Christianity (56.4%)
    No Religion (22.3%)
    Christianity [not defined] (5.2%)
    Pentecostal Christianity (2.5%)
    Seventh-day Adventist (2.0%)
    Other Religion (7.5%)
    Not stated (3.7%)
    [Census, 2016]
  • Ancestry
    Chilean (53.6%)
    Spanish (23.7%)
    South American [nfd] (3.5%)
    Italian (3.4%)
    Other Ancestry (15.8%)
    [Census, 2016]
  • Language Spoken at Home
    Spanish (83.1%)
    English (15.3%)
    Italian (0.4%)
    Other (0.7%)
    Of those who speak a language other than English at home, 84.8% speak English fluently.
    [Census, 2016]
  • Diaspora
    New South Wales (50.1%)
    Victoria (28.4%)
    Queensland (8.6%)
    Western Australia (6.2%)
    Other (6.7%)
    [Census, 2016]
  • Arrival to Australia
    Prior to 2007 (82.0%)
    2007 - 2011 (5.4%)
    2011 - 2016 (9.6%)
    [Census, 2016]
Country https://dtbhzdanf36fd.cloudfront.net/countries/44/cl.svg Flag Country Chile