Chilean Culture

Chileans in Australia

The first known Chilean to arrive in Australia was the former President of Chile, General Ramon Freire, who came in 1838 as a political exile. The number of Chilean migrants to Australia remained small up until the late 1960s. Economic and political uncertainty in Chile in the early 1970s led to an increase in Chilean migrants, many of whom were educated and from a high social class. When Pinochet became the leader of Chile in 1973, the number of Chileans in Australia grew rapidly. The Australian government at the time (under the leadership of former Prime Minister Gough Whitlam) assisted Chilean immigrants who had fled from Chile due to the Pinochet regime.


In more recent times, most Chileans have come to Australia under the Family Migration Stream. Most Chileans moving to Australia come due to economic rather than political reasons. The Chilean community in Australia has formed a few groups and associations, including groups focused on human rights issues in Chile, as well as sporting and social groups.

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Chile
  • Population
    17,650,114
    [July 2016 est.]
  • Languages
    Spanish (official) (99.5%)
    English (10.2%)
    Indigenous (1.0%)
    Other (2.3%)
    Unspecified (0.2%)
    [2012 est.]
    Note: Percentages add up to more than 100% because respondents were allowed to specify more than one language.
  • Religions
    Roman Catholic Christianity (66.7%)
    Evangelical or Protestant Christianity (16.4%)
    Jehovah's Witness (1.0%)
    Other (3.4%)
    None (11.5%)
    Unspecified (1.1%)
    [2012 est.]
  • Ethnicities
    White and Non-Indigenous (88.9%)
    Mapuche (9.1%)
    Aymara (0.7%)
    Other Indigenous Groups (1.0%)
    Unspecified (0.3%)
    [2012 est.]
  • Cultural Dimensions
    63
    23
    28
    86
    31
    68
  • Australians with Chilean Ancestry
    34,233 [2016 census]
Chileans in Australia
  • Population
    26,086
    [2016 census]
    This figure refers to the number of Australian residents that were born in Chile.
  • Average Age
    48
  • Gender
    Female (52.1%)
    Male (47.9%)
  • Religion
    Roman Catholic Christianity (63.5%)
    Christian [nfd] (4.8%)
    Other (14.1%)
    No religion (14.7%)
    Not stated (2.9%)
  • Ancestry
    Chilean (57.4%)
    Spanish (22.4%)
    South American [nfd] (3.7%)
    Other (14.1%)
    Not stated (2.4%)
  • Language Spoken at Home
    Spanish (83.7%)
    English (14.4%)
    Italian (0.5%)
    Other (0.8%)
    Not stated (0.6%)
    Of those who speak a language other than English at home, 83.4% speak English fluently.
  • Diaspora
    New South Wales (50.6%)
    Victoria (28.5%)
    Queensland (7.9%)
    Western Australia (6.1%)
  • Arrival to Australia
    Prior to 2001 (84.7%)
    2001-2006 (4.2%)
    2007-2011 (8.1%)
Country https://dtbhzdanf36fd.cloudfront.net/countries/44/cl.svg Flag Country Chile