Canadian Culture

Canadians in Australia

Since both Australia and Canada were both British colonies, the nineteenth century was characterised by a small, yet fluid, migration between the colonies at every level of society. For example, many of Australia's colonial governors had prior postings in Canada, which influenced the administration of their Australian roles. While many immigrants were exiles, who were transported to Australia after the political rebellion in Canada. Technology transfer and re-migration were the main drivers of early migration between the colonies. For example, the gold rush brought scores of innovative Canadians to Australia who introduced telegraphic systems, among other things. Moreover, Canadian technology in gold mining and large-scale mining assisted Australia's mining industries.

Migration from Canada remained low until post-WWII when many Australian aircrews who were based in Canada brought brides home with them. There were also large numbers of migration in the mid-20th century with the increase of professionals who entered under the Skilled Migration Program or transferred to Australia as employees of international firms with little intention to become permanent residents. 

Migration from Canada slowed in the coming period due to increased labour demands in Canada. Nonetheless, steady numbers of Canadians continue to migrate to Australia, mainly under Skilled and Family Migration categories. Organisations such as the Canada Club assist the Canadian community to maintain cultural ties through upholding long-held traditions and events such as Canadian Thanksgiving on the second Monday in October. 

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  • Population
    [July 2016 est.]
  • Languages
    English (official) (67.1%)
    French (official) (21.5%)
    Other (11.4%)
    [2011 est.]
  • Religions
  • Ethnicities
    Canadian (32.16%)
    English (19.81%)
    French (15.42%)
    Scottish (14.35%)
    Irish (13.83%)
    German (9.75%)
    Italian (4.53%)
    Chinese (4.53%)
    First Nations (4.17%)
    [2011 est.]
  • Cultural Dimensions
  • Australians with Canadian Ancestry
    34,818 [2016 census]
Canadians in Australia
  • Population
    [2016 census]
    This figure refers to the number of Australian residents that were born in Canada.
  • Average Age
  • Gender
    Male (46.7%)
    Female (53.3%)
  • Religion
    No Religion (36.7%)
    Catholic Christianity (20%)
    Anglican Christianity (11.3%)
    Uniting Church Christianity (5.8%)
    Other (26.3%)
  • Ancestry
    Canadian (23.6%)
    English (21.3%)
    Scottish (9.7%)
    Irish (8.4%)
    Other (37.1%)
  • Language Spoken at Home
    English (88.9%)
    French (4.9%)
    Cantonese (0.9%)
    Other (4.9%)
    Of those who speak a language other than English at home, 93.4% speak English fluently.
  • Diaspora
    New South Wales (30.7%)
    Queensland (24.9%)
    Victoria (20%)
    Western Australia (13.3%)
  • Arrival to Australia
    Prior to 2001 (55.8%)
    2001-2006 (16.8%)
    2007-2011 (23.8%)
Country Flag Country Canada