Myanmar (Burmese) Culture

Dates of Significance

The Burmese calendar has 12 lunar months, each of which has its own seasonal festival.

  • Independence Day (4th of January)
  • Union Day (12th of February)
  • Full Moon of Tabaung – 10 days (Varies each year)
  • Peasant’s Day (2nd of March)
  • Armed Forces’ Day (27th of March)*
  • Thingyan – Burmese Water Festival (3-5 days in mid-April)
  • Myanmar New Year’s Day (Varies each year)
  • Labour Day (1st of May)
  • Full Moon Day of Kasong (Varies each year)
  • Full Moon Day of Waso (Varies each year)
  • Martyrs’ Day (19th of July)
  • Full Moon Day of Thadingyut (Varies each year)
  • Full Moon Day of Tazaungmone (Varies each year)
  • National Day (Varies each year)
  • Kayin New Year’s Day (Varies each year)
  • Christmas Day (25th of December)

* Originally known as Resistance Day.

Download this Cultural Profile

Too busy to read it right now?

You can download this cultural profile in an easy-to-read PDF format that can be printed out and accessed at any time.

Myanmar (Burma)
  • Population
    [July 2016 est.]
    Note: Estimates for this country take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS. This can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected.
  • Languages
    Burmese [Official]
    Shan (Tai)
    Karen languages (Karenic)
    Kachin (Jingpho)
    Chin languages (Kukish)
    There are over 100 languages and dialects spoken by minority groups.
  • Religions
    Buddhist (87.9%)
    Christian (6.2%)
    Muslim (4.3%)
    Animist (0.8%)
    Hindu (0.5%)
    Other (0.2%)
    None (0.1%)
    [2014 est.]
    Note: The religion estimate is based on the 2014 national census, including an estimate for the non-enumerated population of Rakhine State, which is assumed to mainly affiliate with the Islamic faith.
  • Ethnicities
    Burman (Bamar) (68%)
    Shan (9%)
    Karen (7%)
    Rakhine (4%)
    Chinese (3%)
    Indian (2%)
    Mon (2%)
    Other (5%)
    Note: there are over 135 indigenous ethnic groups in Burma
  • Australians with Burmese Ancestry
    49,204 [2016 census]
Burmese in Australia
  • Population
    [2016 census]
    This figure refers to the number of Australian residents that were born in Myanmar.
  • Average Age
  • Gender
    Male (48.5%)
    Female (51.5%)
  • Religion
    Buddhism (30.1%)
    Baptist Christianity (26.7%)
    Catholic Christianity (20.6%)
    Islam (5.2%)
    Other (17.4%)
  • Ancestry
    Burmese (46.8%)
    Karen (14.0%)
    Chinese (8.8%)
    English (6.9%)
    Other (23.5%)
  • Language Spoken at Home
    Burmese (47.8%)
    English (19.1%)
    Karen (16.2%)
    Burmese and Related Languages, ndf. (3.6%)
    Other (13.3%)
    Of those who speak a language other than English at home, 60.4% speak English fluently.
  • Diaspora
    Western Australia (34.3%)
    Victoria (25.8%)
    New South Wales (23.7%)
    Queensland (8.7%)
  • Arrival to Australia
    Prior to 2001 (43.4%)
    2001-2006 (13.1%)
    2007-2011 (40.2%)
Country Flag Country Myanmar