Myanmar (Burmese) Culture


The primary author of this profile was Nina Evason (2017).


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  • Akm, Ahsan Ullah. (2017). Rohingya Migration: Is it a Function of Persecution. Brunei: Universiti Brunei Darussalam.
  • Aung Kuang Myat. (2016). Burmese don’t have last names. Here is why. Retrieved from
  • Australian Bureau of Statistics. (2017). Census 2016, Country of Birth of Person by Sex (SA2+) [Data set]. 
  • Ba Kuang. (2008). Myanmar (Burmese) Names or our Custom. Retrieved from
  • Barron, S., Okell, J., Yin, S. M., VanBik, K., Swain, A., Larkin, E… Ewers, K. (2007). Refugees from Burma: Their Backgrounds and Refugee Experiences. Washington DC: Center for Applied Linguistics.
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  • Bureau of , Human Rights, and Labor. (2015). Burma International Religious Freedom Report for 2015. United States Department of State. Retrieved from
  • Burmese Advisory Committee. (2006). Community Directory: People from Burma/Myanmar. Retrieved from
  • Center for Excellence in Disaster Management & Humanitarian Assistance. (2017). Myanmar (Burma) - Disaster Management Reference Handbook. Retrieved from
  • Central Intelligence Agency. (2017). The World Factbook - Burma. Retrieved from
  • Chan Myae Khine. (2012). Myanmar’s Unique Naming System. Retrieved from
  • Department of Home Affairs. (2019). Myanmar-born: Community Information Summary. Retrieved from
  • Department of Immigration and Affairs. (2006). Burmese Community Profile. Retrieved from
  • Department of Population & Ministry of Immigration and Population. (2015). The 2014 Myanmar Population and Housing Census: The Union Report. The Republic of the Union of Myanmar, Census Report Volume 2.
  • Dziedzic, C. (2006). Karen-Burmese Refugees. Community Nutrition Unit, Annerley Road Community Health. Retrieved from
  • Farrelly, N. (2011). Study of Burmese Migrant Experiences in Australia. Retrieved from
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  • Government of South Australia. (2014). Burma: A profile of Burma-born South Australians. Retrieved from
  • Harms, N. (2013). What Are the Customs of Myanmar?. Retrieved from
  • Harvard Divinity School. (2017). Christianity in Myanmar. Retrieved from
  • Hays, J. (2013). Character and Personality of the People of Myanmar. Retrieved from
  • Kham, Z. K. (2016). Burmese Nationalism and Christianity in Myanmar: Christian Identity and Witness in Myanmar Today (Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved from
  • Li, J. (2017). Who and what are behind Myanmar’s long-running civil war on China’s doorstep? Retrieved from
  • Ling, H. (2008). Emerging Voices: Experiences of Underrepresented Asian Americans. Location: Rutgers University Press.
  • Mi Mi Khaing. (1958). Burmese Names: A Guide. The Atlantic. Retrieved from
  • Minority Rights Group International. (2007). Myanmar/Burma - Muslims and Rohingya. Retrieved from 
  • Museum Victoria Australia. (2013). History of immigration from Burma (Myanmar). Retrieved from
  • Mutchler, K. (2017). 10 Ways Not To Offend Burmese Culture. Retrieved from
  • Okkar. (1998). Information Sheet No. A. 0412(I). Retrieved from
  • Peace . (2014). Myanmar: Conflict Profile. Retrieved from
  • Pun, S. (2018). The meaning behind Myanmar names. Retrieved from
  • Rough Guides. (2017). Culture and etiquette. Retrieved from
  • Transparency International. (2018). Corruption Perceptions Index 2017. Retrieved from
  • Selth, A. (2013). Australia and the Burma/Myanmar name debate. Retrieved from
  • Skidmore, M. (2005). Burma At The Turn Of The Twenty-first Century. Location: University of Hawaii Press.
  • Smith, M. (1994). Ethnic Groups in Burma: Development, Democracy and Human Rights. London: Anti-Slavery International.
  • South Eastern Region Migrant Resource Centre. (2011). People of Burma in Melbourne: Perspectives of a Refugee Community. Retrieved from
  • State of Queensland - Metro South Health. (2015). Food and cultural practices of Burmese communities in Australia – a community resource. Retrieved from
  • UKCO. (2005). Burmese Cultural Profile. Retrieved from
  • Yin, S. M. (2016). Myanmar - Culture Smart!: The Essential Guide to Customs & Culture. London: Kuperard.

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