Brazilian Culture


The primary author of this profile was Chara Scroope (2018).


  • Advameg. (n.d.). Brazil. Retrieved from
  • Australian Bureau of Statistics. (2017). Census 2016, Country of Birth of Person by Sex (SA2+) [Data set].
  • Australian Trade and Investment Commission. (2016). Market Profile - Brazil. Retrieved from
  • (n.d.). Popular Events in Brazil. Retrieved from
  • Central Intelligence Agency. (2017). The World Factbook: Brazil. Retrieved from
  • COMMISCEO Global. (2016). Brazil Guide. Retrieved from
  • Dávila, J. (2005). Ethnicity and the Shifting Margins of Brazilian Identity. Diaspora, 14(1), 185-200.
  • De Lourenço, C., McDonnell, J., & Nielson, R. P. (2010). Saudades and Returning Home: Brazilian Women Speak of Here and There. Tempo e Argumento, 2(1), 136-152.
  • Department of Home Affairs. (2019). Brazil-born: Community Information Summary. Retrieved from
  • eDiplomat. (2016). Brazil. Retrieved from
  • Fonseca, J. (2006). A Brief History of Brazil. Retrieved from
  • Fraguas, L. (2014). Brazilians in Australia: a snapshot of Brazilian migration to Victoria. Retrieved from
  • Gannon, M., & Pillai, R. (2010). The Brazilian Samba. In M. J. Gannon, & R. Pillai (Eds.), Understanding Global Cultures: Metaphorical Journeys Through 29 Nations. Thousand Oaks: SAGE Publications.
  • Geert Hofstede. (2016). Brazil. Retrieved from
  • Hurrell, F. (2013). Finding the Spiritist Movement in Brazil. Retrieved from
  • Kit, K. (2016). Brazilian Gift Giving Etiquette, Traditions and Culture. Retrieved from
  • Lewis, R. D. (2006). When Cultures Collide. Boston: Nicholas Brealey International.
  • Mac Lennan, M. L. F., Polo, E. F., Sutter, M. B., & Tiscoski, G. P. (2015). Brazilianness: a Look at the Multiple Faces of the Brazilian National Identity. Future Studies Research Journal, 7(1), 130-155.
  • Museum Victoria Australia. (n.d.). History of immigration from Brazil. Retrieved from
  • Novais, A. (2013). All About Religions in Brazil. Retrieved from
  • Pew Research Center. (2013). Brazil’s Changing Religious Landscape. Retrieved from
  • Poelzl, V. (2008). Cultureshock Brazil: A Survival Guide to Customs and Etiquette. Singapore: Marshall Cavendish Corporation.
  • Porfírio, F. (2019). Nepotism. Retrieved from
  • Prandi, R. (2004). Afro-Brazilian Identity and Memory. Diogenes, 201, 35-43.
  • Transparency International. (2017). Corruption Perceptions Index 2016. Retrieved from
  • United Kingdom Government. (2006). A Guide to Names and Naming Practices. Retrieved from
  • Wallenfeldt, J. (2016). Favela: Brazilian Shantytown. Retrieved from
  • Woodhead, L. (2016). Christianity. In H. Kawanami, C. Partridge, & L. Woodhead (Eds). Religions in the Modern World. New York: Routledge.

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