Bosnian Culture

Bosnians in Australia

There have been three major influxes of Bosnians to Australia. The first period occurred in the aftermath of World War II, and the second occurred in the late 1960s/early 1970s following an economic depression and open border policy in the former Yugoslavia.

 

The most recent wave of migration was during the 1990s when many Bosnians sought refuge from the war. This migration was assisted under the refugee scheme of the Red Cross in Australia. It generally brought Bosnians from all socioeconomic backgrounds, but mainly families with mixed ethnic backgrounds. Consider that some Bosnians who arrived during the mid-1990s may have witnessed atrocities and experienced other war-related traumas.

 

There are some Bosnians that have arrived in Australia in more recent years. These are often double dislocated persons who migrated from Bosnia in the 1990s and spent a substantial amount of time in another Western country (e.g. Germany or Scandinavian nations). They may have not succeeded in gaining citizenship or resident status and have chosen to migrate to Australia instead. While born in Bosnia, these migrants may not have a very strong affiliation with their Bosnian identity or the cultural behaviours of the country.


According to the 2011 Australian census, 29.6% of Bosnians living in Australia identified as Muslims, 27.5% identified with Eastern Orthodox Christianity and a further 21.7% identified as Catholic Christians. The rate of no religious affiliation was higher among Bosnians living in Australia than those in their home country, with 15.1% not identifying with any religion. A further 6% identified with some other faith and 3.8% did not respond.

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Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Population
    3,861,912
    [July 2016 est.]
  • Languages
    Bosnian [official] (52.86%)
    Serbian [official] (30.76%)
    Croatian [official] (14.60%)
    Other (1.79%)
    Unspecified (0.2%)
    [2013 census]
    Note: The methodology of the 2013 census remains disputed and Republika Srspka authorities refuse to recognise the results.
  • Religions
    Islam (50.70%)
    Orthodox Christianity (30.75%)
    Roman Catholic Christianity (15.19%)
    Atheism (0.79%)
    Agnosticism (0.31%)
    Other (1.15%)
    Unspecified (1.12%)
    [2013 census]
    Note: The methodology of the 2013 census remains disputed and Republika Srspka authorities refuse to recognise the results.
  • Ethnicities
    Bosniak (50.11%)
    Serb (30.78%)
    Croat (15.43%)
    Other (2.73%)
    Unspecified (0.89%)
    [2013 census]
    Note: The methodology of the 2013 census remains disputed and Republika Srspka authorities refuse to recognise the results.
  • Australians with Bosnian Ancestry
    23,630 [2016 census]
Bosnians in Australia
  • Population
    23,956
    [2016 census]
    This figure refers to the number of Australian residents that were born in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
  • Average Age
    46
  • Gender
    Male (49.3%)
    Female (50.7%)
  • Religion
    Islam (29.6%)
    Eastern Orthodox Christianity (27.5%)
    Catholic Christianity (21.7%)
    No Religion (15.1%)
    Other (6.0%)
    Not Stated (3.8%)
  • Ancestry
    Bosnian (47.8%)
    Serbian (23.6%)
    Croatian (15.6%)
    Other (9.6%)
    Not Stated (3.4%)
  • Language Spoken at Home
    Bosnian (44.2%)
    Serbian (26.7%)
    Croatian (17.5%)
    English (6.0%)
    Other (5.7%)
    Of those who speak a language other than English at home, 75.6% speak English fluently.
  • English Proficiency
    Well (75.6%)
    Not Well (23.5%)
  • Diaspora
    Victoria (35.7%)
    New South Wales (30.1%)
    Queensland (12.9%)
    Western Australia (11%)
  • Arrival to Australia
    Prior to 2001 (84.9%)
    2001-2006 (10.6%)
    2007-2011 (2.5%)
Country https://dtbhzdanf36fd.cloudfront.net/countries/76/ba.svg Flag Country Bosnia and Herzegovina