Bangladeshi Culture

Naming

  • Approaches to naming vary widely in  Bangladesh based on familial and regional traditions.
  • Muslims living in Western societies often adapt naming practices that fit in with local conventions.
  • Personal names in Bangladesh may depend on the person’s religious heritage. For example, names may have their origins from other languages like Arabic, Sanskrit and Pali, but they are usually used and pronounced according to the native Bengali language.
  • Some women may adopt their husband’s surname while others will retain their name upon marriage.
  • Muhammad is a common prefix used before the name of many Muslim males, yet it is not considered to be the name used to refer to the person.
Cultural Competence Program
Cultural Competence Program Logo

Join over 300 organisations already creating a better workplace

Find out more
Download this Cultural Profile

Too busy to read it right now?

You can download this cultural profile in an easy-to-read PDF format that can be printed out and accessed at any time.

Bangladesh
  • Population
    156,186,882
    [July 2016 est.]
  • Language
    Bengali (98.8%)
    Other (1.2%)
    [2011 est.]
  • Religion
    Islam (89.1%)
    Hinduism (10.0%)
    Other (0.9%)
    [2013 est.]
  • Ethnicity
    Bengali (98.0%)
    [2011 est.]
    Note: Bangladesh's government recognises 27 ethnic groups under the 2010 Cultural Institution for Small Anthropological Groups Act; other sources estimate there are about 75 ethnic groups; critics of the 2011 census claim that it underestimates the size of Bangladesh's ethnic population.
  • Cultural Dimensions
    80
    20
    55
    60
    47
    20
  • Australians with Bangladeshi Ancestry
    39,566 [Census, 2016]
Bangladeshi in Australia
  • Population
    41,237
    [Census, 2016]
    This figure refers to the number of Australian residents that were born in Bangladesh.
  • Median Age
    34
    [Census, 2016]
  • Gender
    Male (55.4%)
    Female (44.6%)
    [Census, 2016]
  • Religion
    Islam (81.2%)
    Hinduism (6.8%)
    Catholic Christianity (1.6%)
    No Religion (3.3%)
    Other Religion (1.8%)
    Not Stated (5.0%)
    [Census, 2016]
  • Ancestry
    Bangladeshi (66.4%)
    Bengali (16.6%)
    Indian (4.2%)
    Australian (3.1%)
    Other Ancestry (9.7%)
    [Census, 2016]
  • Language Spoken at Home
    Bengali (92.2%)
    English (5.7%)
    Rohingya (0.4%)
    Other Languages (1.7%)
    Of those who speak a language other than English at home, 92.8% speak English fluently.
    [Census, 2016]
  • Diaspora
    New South Wales (58.7%)
    Victoria (19.0%)
    Queensland (6.7%)
    Western Australia (6.3%)
    Other (9.3%)
    [Census, 2016]
  • Arrival to Australia
    Prior to 2007 (41.6%)
    2007 - 2011 (27.6%)
    2011 - 2016 (28.9%)
    [Census, 2016]
Country https://dtbhzdanf36fd.cloudfront.net/countries/95/bd.svg Flag Country Bangladesh