Australian Culture

Dates of Significance

National Holidays

  • New Year’s Day (1st of January)
  • Australia Day* (26th of January)
  • Easter (Varies by year)
  • ANZAC Day (25th of April)
  • Labour Day (Traditionally 1st of May; Varies in each state)
  • Queen’s Birthday (Technically 21st of April; Varies in each state)
  • Christmas Eve (24th of December)
  • Christmas Day (25th of December)
  • Boxing Day (26th of December)
  • New Year’s Day (31st of December)


Regional Holidays

  • Royal Hobart Regatta (Tasmania)
  • Adelaide Cup (South Australia)
  • Canberra Day (Australian Capital Territory)
  • Eight Hour Day (Tasmania)
  • Reconciliation Day (Australian Capital Territory)
  • Western Australia Day (Western Australia)
  • Bank Holiday (New South Wales)
  • Picnic Day (Northern Territory)
  • Royal National Agricultural Show Day/Ekka Holiday (Queensland)
  • AFL Grand Final Day (Victoria)
  • Recreation Day (Tasmania)
  • Melbourne Cup Day (Victoria)


National Observances

  • Mothers’ Day (8th of May)
  • National Sorry Day (26th of May)
  • National Reconciliation Week (27th of May - 3rd of June)
  • NAIDOC* Week (1st week of July)
  • Fathers’ Day (4th of September)
  • Remembrance Day (11th of November)


* Australia Day is referred to as ‘Invasion Day’ or ‘Survival Day’ by many indigenous people and advocates.
* NAIDOC is an acronym for the National Aborigines and Islanders Day Observance Committee

Australia
  • Population
    24,128,876
    [2016 census]
  • Average Age
    38
    [2016 census]
  • Language Spoken at Home
    English (72.7%)
    Mandarin (2.5%)
    Arabic (1.4%)
    Cantonese (1.2%)
    Vietnamese (1.2%)
    [2016 census]
    Note: More than 300 languages were identified in total.
  • Religion
    Christianity (51.6%)
    Catholic (22.6%)
    Anglican (13.3%)
    Other Christian (16.3%)
    Note: More than 100 religions were identified in total.
  • Cultural Dimensions
    36
    90
    61
    51
    21
    71
  • Ancestry
    English (33.6%)
    Australian (31.2%)
    Irish (10.2%)
    Scottish (8.6%)
    Chinese (5.2%)
    Italian (4.3%)
    German (4.2%)
    Indian (2.6%)
    [2016 census]
    Note: More than 300 ancestries were identified in total.
Indigenous Australia
  • Population
    649,171
    2.8% of Australian population
    [2016 census]
  • Average Age
    23
    [2016 census]
  • Languages
    According to the 2016 census, 1 in 10 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people speak an Australian Indigenous language at home.
    The five language groups most widely spoken at home are:
    Arnham Land & Daly River Region (16.1%)
    Torres Strait Island (11.7%)
    Western Desert (11.1%)
    Yolngu Matha (10.6%)
    Arandic (7.3%)
    Note: 150 Australian Indigenous languages were identified in total.
  • Diaspora
    New South Wales (33.3%)
    Queensland (28.7%)
    Western Australia (11.7%)
    Northern Territory (9.0%)
    Victoria (7.4%)
    South Australia (5.3%)
    Tasmania (3.6%)
    Australian Capital Territory (1.0%)
    [2016 census]
Migrant Australia
  • Population
    6,150,197 people born overseas
    26.4% of Australian population
    [2016 census]
  • Top Overseas Birthplaces
    United Kingdom (4.6%)
    New Zealand (2.2%)
    China (2.2%)
    India (1.9%)
    Philippines (1.0%)
    Vietnam (0.9%)
    Italy (0.7%)
    South Africa (0.7%)
    Malaysia (0.6%)
    Sri Lanka (0.5%)
    Born elsewhere (11.1%)
    [2016 census]
  • Fastest Growing Migrant Populations
    By Population Change
    China (+190,586)
    India (+160,027)
    Philippines (+61,153)
    New Zealand (+35,068)
    Vietnam (+34,316)
    Pakistan (+31,692)
    Nepal (+30,119)
    South Korea (+24,238)
    Iran (+23,658)
    Sri Lanka (+23,437)
    By Percentage Change
    Mongolia (+240.5%)
    Bhutan (+142.4%)
    Nepal (+122.3%)
    South Sudan (+120.9%)
    Pakistan (+104.9%)
    Brazil (+90.4%)
    Nigeria (+87.8%)
    Qatar (+84.3%)
    Syria (+82.6%)
    Iran (+68.7%)
Country https://dtbhzdanf36fd.cloudfront.net/countries/217/au.svg Flag Country Australia