Australian Culture

Do's and Don'ts

  • If an Australian teases you, reply with good humour and show that you are not disconcerted by it. Indulging in their jokes like this will show, in a non-arrogant way, that you are self-confident but don’t take yourself too seriously. Lightly teasing them back will also be received cheerfully.
  • Keep a measure on how much you criticise them directly.
  • Drink with them (if you can), relax and enjoy yourself in casual settings. Australians tend to bond quickly with people they ‘click’ with in informal social situations.
  • In any situation that allows for it, pitch in and contribute to the shared expense or task however possible. For example, if you are taking a trip in someone else’s car, offering to to contribute to fuel costs will be appreciated.
  • Try to be yourself. Australians warm most to those who seem genuine and comfortable with themselves.
  • Be aware that the Indigenous minority of Australia are the original custodians of the land and recognise the impact colonisation has had on their people.
  • Respect the natural environment, wildlife and land of Australia. Protection of the country’s ecology is very important to many Australians.

Do not’s
  • Do not boast or make ostentatious comments that give the impression that you see yourself as superior to others. Australians will find this contrived and obnoxious.
  • Avoid asking people to do tasks that you are clearly capable of doing.
  • Avoid seeming too conscious or constrained by rules as this could potentially make you seem untrustworthy or likely to ‘dob’ on them.
  • Avoid mentioning the divisive topics of Australian society (e.g. refugees, Indigenous affairs) unless you are approaching it with sensitivity and are prepared to hear adverse opinions.
  • Avoid being overly combative or argumentative. Australians tend to avoid the company of people who are too opinionated and may consider them a controversial character and be less enticed to keep your company.
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  • Population
    [2016 census]
  • Median Age
    [2016 census]
  • Language Spoken at Home
    English (72.7%)
    Mandarin (2.5%)
    Arabic (1.4%)
    Cantonese (1.2%)
    Vietnamese (1.2%)
    [2016 census]
    Note: More than 300 languages were identified in total.
  • Religion
    Christianity (51.6%)
    Catholic (22.6%)
    Anglican (13.3%)
    Other Christian (16.3%)
    Note: More than 100 religions were identified in total.
  • Cultural Dimensions
  • Ancestry
    English (33.6%)
    Australian (31.2%)
    Irish (10.2%)
    Scottish (8.6%)
    Chinese (5.2%)
    Italian (4.3%)
    German (4.2%)
    Indian (2.6%)
    [2016 census]
    Note: More than 300 ancestries were identified in total.
Indigenous Australia
  • Population
    2.8% of Australian population
    [2016 census]
  • Average Age
    [2016 census]
  • Language
    According to the 2016 census, 1 in 10 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people speak an Australian Indigenous language at home.
    The five language groups most widely spoken at home are:
    Arnham Land & Daly River Region (16.1%)
    Torres Strait Island (11.7%)
    Western Desert (11.1%)
    Yolngu Matha (10.6%)
    Arandic (7.3%)
    Note: 150 Australian Indigenous languages were identified in total.
  • Diaspora
    New South Wales (33.3%)
    Queensland (28.7%)
    Western Australia (11.7%)
    Northern Territory (9.0%)
    Victoria (7.4%)
    South Australia (5.3%)
    Tasmania (3.6%)
    Australian Capital Territory (1.0%)
    [2016 census]
Migrant Australia
  • Population
    6,150,197 people born overseas
    26.4% of Australian population
    [2016 census]
  • Top Overseas Birthplaces
    United Kingdom (4.6%)
    New Zealand (2.2%)
    China (2.2%)
    India (1.9%)
    Philippines (1.0%)
    Vietnam (0.9%)
    Italy (0.7%)
    South Africa (0.7%)
    Malaysia (0.6%)
    Sri Lanka (0.5%)
    Born elsewhere (11.1%)
    [2016 census]
  • Fastest Growing Migrant Populations
    By Population Change
    China (+190,586)
    India (+160,027)
    Philippines (+61,153)
    New Zealand (+35,068)
    Vietnam (+34,316)
    Pakistan (+31,692)
    Nepal (+30,119)
    South Korea (+24,238)
    Iran (+23,658)
    Sri Lanka (+23,437)
    By Percentage Change
    Mongolia (+240.5%)
    Bhutan (+142.4%)
    Nepal (+122.3%)
    South Sudan (+120.9%)
    Pakistan (+104.9%)
    Brazil (+90.4%)
    Nigeria (+87.8%)
    Qatar (+84.3%)
    Syria (+82.6%)
    Iran (+68.7%)
Country Flag Country Australia