Afghan Culture

Population Statistics

Afghanistan

Population

34,124,811

[July 2017 est.]

Statistical estimates on the population of Afghanistan may be unreliable.

Language

There are over 30 distinct languages spoken across the country. The most widely spoken are:

Dari - including other Persian variants 80%
Pashto 47%
Uzbek 11%
English 5%
Turkmen 2%
Urdu 2%

[2017 est.]

Data represents more than 100% because many Afghans speak more than one language.

Religion

Sunni Islam 85%
Shi'a Islam 14%
Other 0.3%

[Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, 2017]

Ethnicity

Pashtun

Tajik

Hazara

Uzbek

Baloch

Turkmen

Nuristani

Pamiri

Aimaq

Others

Australians with Afghan Ancestry

53,082 
[Census, 2016]

Afghans in Australia

Population

46,799

[Census, 2016]

This figure refers to the number of Australian residents that were born in Afghanistan.

Median Age

31
[Census, 2016]

Gender

Male 61%
Female 39%

[Census, 2016]

Religion

Islam 91.3%
No Religion 3.5%
Other Religion 0.6%
Not stated 4.4%

[Census, 2016]

Ancestry

Afghan 66.4%
Hazara 21.9%
Australian 3.0%
English 2.7%
Other Ancestry 6.0%

[Census, 2016]

Language Spoken at Home

Dari 43.5%
Hazaraghi 33.9%
Persian [excluding Dari] 10.2%
Pashto 6.6%
Other Languages 5.0%

Of those who speak a language other than English at home, 65.3% speak English fluently.

[Census, 2016]

Diaspora

Victoria 38.7%
New South Wales 27.8%
South Australia 13.5%
Western Australia 10.9%
Other 9.1%

[Census, 2016]

Arrival to Australia

Prior to 1996 9.5%
1996 - 2005 23.4%
2006 - 2015 61.1%
2016 3.4%
Not stated 2.5%

[Census, 2016]

Note: Arrivals up until 9 August 2016.

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