Vietnamese Culture

Naming

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  • In Vietnam, the surname comes before the first name (e.g. NGUYEN Van Nam). However, some Vietnamese will write their personal name first (e.g. Van Nam NGUYEN).
  • People are addressed by their first name, but a title is usually added that indicates the status relationship the person has to the one they are talking to. These titles usually have familial connotations, such as ‘uncle’, ‘aunt’ instead of professional meanings.
  • Vietnamese first names are often gender neutral and can be used for both men and women. They may also reflect a certain meaning.
  • Many Vietnamese living in Australia adopt Western names.
Vietnam
  • Population
    95,261,021
    [July 2016 est.]
  • Languages
    Tiếng Việt (official)
    English
    French
    Mandarin
    Cantonese
    Khmer
    Mon-Khmer and Malayo-Polynesian
  • Religions
    No Religion (81.8%)
    Buddhism (7.9%)
    Christianity (7.4%)
    Hoahaoism (1.6%)
    Caodaism (0.9%)
    Other (0.2%)
    [2009 census]
    Note: The United Nations and polling organisations believe these statistics from the 2009 Vietnamese census do not accurately reflect the spiritual landscape of Vietnam.
  • Ethnicities
    Kinh [Viet] (85.7%)
    Tay (1.9%)
    Thai (1.8%)
    Muong (1.5%)
    Khmer (1.5%)
    Mong (1.2%)
    Nung (1.1%)
    Hoa (1.0%)
    Other (4.3%)
    [2009 census]
    Note: 54 ethnic groups are recognised by the Vietnamese Government.
  • Cultural Dimensions
    Power Distance 70
    Individualism 20
    Masculinity 40
    Uncertainty Avoidance 30
    Long Term Orientation 57
    Indulgence 35
    What's this?
  • Australians with Vietnamese Ancestry
    294,798 [2016 census]
Vietnamese in Australia
  • Population
    219,355
    [2016 census]
    This figure refers to the number of Australian residents that were born in Vietnam.
  • Average Age
    43
  • Gender
    Male (45.8%)
    Female (54.2%)
  • Religion
    Buddhism (56.2%)
    Catholic Christianity (21.6%)
    No Religion (14.6%)
    Other (4.7%)
    Not stated (3.0%)
  • Ancestry
    Vietnamese (69.6%)
    Chinese (21.8%)
    English (1.7%)
    Other (2.2%)
    Not stated (4.5%)
  • Languages
    Vietnamese (80.2%)
    Cantonese (13.3%)
    English (3.2%)
    Other (2.3%)
    Not stated (0.9%)
  • English Proficiency
    Well (56.5%)
    Not well (42.1%)
  • Diaspora
    New South Wales (38.8%)
    Victoria (36.9%)
    Queensland (8.8%)
    Western Australia (6.9%)
  • Arrival
    Prior to 2001 (74.5%)
    2001-2006 (8%)
    2007-2011 (11.9%)
Where do we get our statistics?
Country VN Flag