Irish Culture


The Irish are encouraged to be independent and self-reliant as they grow up. They have a strong sense of community and family, though urbanisation and city living have diminished this in recent years. The family remains fundamentally important to the individual, but it is the unique personal relationships that family members share and the support they receive from one another that have become the main form of value.

The average Irish household consists of the nuclear family (mother, father and two children) with the extended family living separately. However, many different living situations and family forms are gaining acceptance in Ireland. It is now becoming common for couples to choose not to have children or for parents of children to decide not to get married and remain in de facto relationships. Furthermore, families incorporating LGBTIQ+ marriages or same-sex couples with children demonstrate the growing Irish tolerance towards a multiplicity of choices in family structure. Emigration from Ireland also affects the structure and closeness of family relations.

Additionally, Ireland has challenged the traditional family hierarchy. Gender does not dictate a person’s role or duty in the family; women enjoy equal rights and the opportunity to choose their form of contribution to the household dynamic.
  • Population
    [2016 census]
  • Languages
    English [official]
    Gaelic [official] (39.8%)
    [2016 census]
  • Religions
    Catholic Christianity (78.3%)
    No Religion (9.8%)
    Church of Ireland (2.7%)
    Other Christianity (2.6%)
    Islam (1.3%)
    Other (1.7%)
    [2016 census]
  • Ethnicities
    White Irish (82.2%)
    Other White (9.5%)
    Asian (2.1%)
    Black (1.3%)
    Other (1.5%)
    Irish Travellers (0.7%)
    Not Stated (2.6 %)
    [2016 census]
  • Cultural Dimensions
    Power Distance 28
    Individualism 70
    Masculinity 68
    Uncertainty Avoidance 35
    Long Term Orientation 24
    Indulgence 65
    What's this?
  • Australians with Irish Ancestry
    2,388,058 [2016 census]
Irish in Australia
  • Population
    [2016 census]
    This figure refers to the number of Australian residents that were born in Ireland.
  • Average Age
  • Gender
    Male (53.8%)
    Female (46.2%)
  • Religion
    Catholic Christianity (75.4%)
    No Religion (11.4%)
    Anglican Christianity (3.8%)
    Other (6.6%)
  • Ancestry
    Irish (89.9%)
    English (4.2%)
    Australian (1.5%)
    Other (3.3%)
  • Languages
    English (95.1%)
    Irish (2.3%)
    Gaelic (0.5%)
    Other (1.2%)
  • English Proficiency
    Well (83.6)%)
    Not Well (5.1%)
  • Diaspora
    New South Wales (32.6%)
    Victoria (21.7%)
    Western Australia (21.2%)
    Queensland (16.2%)
  • Arrival to Australia
    Prior to 2001 (58.4%)
    2001-2006 (10.5%)
    2007-2011 (27%)
Where do we get our statistics?
Country IE Flag